• General
  • Distribution
  • Impact
  • Management
  • Bibliography
  • Contact
Common name
Rubus moluccanus ,auct. non L.�
Rubus roridus , auct. non Lindl.
Similar species
Rubus alceifolius is a climbing shrub native to Sumatra and Java that has been introduced in several islands of the Indian Ocean and Australia. When conditions are favorable, R. alceifolius develops dense, impenetrable monospecific cover up to several metres high, covering and smothering native herbaceous and shrubby vegetation.
Habitat Description
The plant grows in sunny places, invading forest hedges, roadsides, open places in natural forests or in fallows.
The genetic diversity analysis of Rubus alceifolius showed that populations in areas of introduction (Reunion, Mauritius, Mayotte, Australia) are clonal and genetically very different from those in native range, which showed high diversity. Madagascar populations appeared intermediate. The seed production is from apomixis in Reunion, while it is from allogamy within the native range. In Reunion, the seeds are produced from see level up to 1100 m, while vegetative multiplication (cuttings, layerings) occurs from see level until 1600 m (Dr. Thomas Le Bourgeois pers.comm., 17 February 2009).

Principal source:

Compiler: Comité français de l'UICN (IUCN French Committee) & IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)


Publication date: 2010-08-16

Recommended citation: Global Invasive Species Database (2023) Species profile: Rubus alceifolius. Downloaded from http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=1265 on 31-05-2023.

Management Info
Biological: By the end of 2007, the biological control agent Cibdela janthina (Tenthredinidae, Argidae) native to Sumatra, has been introduced and released in La Réunion Island. By the en of 2008, the agent is considered acclimated and well established. It is spreading naturally up to 900m of elevation. Impact on Rubus thickets is promising but still under evaluation, as well as natural regeneration of the flora according to Rubus regression (Dr. Thomas Le Bourgeois pers.comm., 17 February 2009).
Countries (or multi-country features) with distribution records for Rubus alceifolius
Informations on Rubus alceifolius has been recorded for the following locations. Click on the name for additional informations.
Lorem Ipsum
Location Status Invasiveness Occurrence Source
Details of Rubus alceifolius in information
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Species notes for this location
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Ecosystem services:
Impact information
Red List assessed species 0:
Management information
Biological: By the end of 2007, the biological control agent Cibdela janthina (Tenthredinidae, Argidae) native to Sumatra, has been introduced and released in La Réunion Island. By the en of 2008, the agent is considered acclimated and well established. It is spreading naturally up to 900m of elevation. Impact on Rubus thickets is promising but still under evaluation, as well as natural regeneration of the flora according to Rubus regression (Dr. Thomas Le Bourgeois pers.comm., 17 February 2009).
Management Category
22 references found for Rubus alceifolius

Management information
Hivert, J. 2003. Plantes exotiques envahissantes - Etat des m�thodes de lutte mise en oeuvre par l Office National des For�ts � La R�union. ONF R�union.
Summary: Synth�se des m�thodes de lutte employ�es par l ONF � la R�union contre une vingtaine de plantes exotiques envahissantes.
IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)., 2010. A Compilation of Information Sources for Conservation Managers.
Summary: This compilation of information sources can be sorted on keywords for example: Baits & Lures, Non Target Species, Eradication, Monitoring, Risk Assessment, Weeds, Herbicides etc. This compilation is at present in Excel format, this will be web-enabled as a searchable database shortly. This version of the database has been developed by the IUCN SSC ISSG as part of an Overseas Territories Environmental Programme funded project XOT603 in partnership with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment. The compilation is a work under progress, the ISSG will manage, maintain and enhance the database with current and newly published information, reports, journal articles etc.
General information
Amsellem L., Noyer J.L., Le Bourgeois T. and M. Hossaert-McKey. 2000. Comparison of genetic diversity of the invasive weed Rubus alceifolius Poir. (Rosaceae) in its native range and in areas of introduction, using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers. Molecular Ecology (2000) n�9, 443-455.
Atti� M, Baret S, Strasberg D., 2005. Etude des insectes phytophages associ�s � des plantes exotiques envahissantes � l��le de La R�union. Revue d��cologie (Terre et Vie) 60: 107-125.
Baret, S. 2002. M�canismes d invasion de Rubus alceifolius � l �le de La R�union - Interaction entre facteurs �cologiques et perturbations naturelles et anthropiques dans la dynamique d invasion. Th�se d Etat, Universit� de la R�union, 224.
Baret S, Cournac L, Th�baud C, Edwards P, Strasberg D., 2008. Effects of canopy gap size on recruitment and invasion of the non-indigenous Rubus alceifolius in lowland tropical rain forest on R�union. Journal of Tropical Ecology. 24: 337-345
Baret S, Le Bourgeois T, Rivi�re J-N, Pailler T, Sarrailh J-M, Strasberg D., 2007. Can species richness be maintained in logged endemic Acacia heterophylla forests (R�union island, Indian ocean)? Revue d�Ecologie (Terre et Vie). 62: 273-284.
Baret S, Le Bourgeois T, Strasberg D. 2005., Comment Rubus alceifolius, une esp�ce exotique envahissante, pourrait-elle progressivement coloniser la totalit� d�une for�t tropicale humide ? Canadian Journal of Botany 83: 219-226.
Baret, S., Maurice, S., Le Bourgeois, T., Strasberg, D. 2004. Altitudinal variation in fertility and vegetative growth in the invasive plant Rubus alceifolius Poiret (Rosaceae), on Reunion island. Plant Ecology. 2004 ; 172 (2) : 265-273.
Baret S, Nicolini E, Humeau L, Le Bourgeois T, Strasberg D. 2003. Altitudinal variation of flowering Patterns of the Invasive Bramble (Rubus alceifolius Poiret, Rosaceae) in R�union Island: an Architectural and Morphometric Analysis. Canadian Journal of Botany 81: 1293-1301.
Baret S, Nicolini E, Le Bourgeois T, Strasberg D. 2003. Developmental patterns of the invasive bramble (Rubus alceifolius Poiret, Rosaceae) in R�union Island: an architectural and morphometric analysis. Annals of Botany 91: 39-48.
Baret S, Radjassegarane S, Le Bourgeois Thomas, Strasberg D. 2005. Does the growth rate of different reproductive modes of an introduced plant cause invasiveness? International Journal of Botany 1: 5-11.
Baret, S., Rouget, M., Richardson, D. M., Lavergne, C., Egoh, B., Dupont, J., & Strasberg, D. 2006. Current distribution and potential extent of the most invasive alien plant species on La R�union (Indian Ocean, Mascarene islands). Austral Ecology, 31, 747-758.
Summary: L objectif de ce papier est d identifier les zones prioritaires en mati�re de gestion des invasions biologiques � La R�union en mod�lisant la distribution actuelle et potentiellle d une s�lection de plantes parmi les plus envahissantes.
Baret S & Strasberg D., 2005. The effects of opening trails on exotic plant invasion in protected areas on La R�union island (Mascarene archipelago, Indian Ocean). Revue d��cologie (Terre et Vie). 60: 325-332.
Barthelat, F. 2005. Note sur les esp�ces exotiques envahissantes � Mayotte. Direction de l�Agriculture et de la For�t. 30p
Summary: Tableau synth�tique des plantes exotiques de Mayotte class�es en fonction de leur niveau d envahissement.
Conservatoire Botanique National De Mascarin (BOULLET V. coord.) 2007. - Rubus alceifolius Index de la flore vasculaire de la R�union (Trach�ophytes) : statuts, menaces et protections. - Version 2007.1
Summary: Base de donn�es sur la flore de la R�union. De nombreuses informations tr�s utiles.
Available from: http://flore.cbnm.org/index2.php?page=taxon&num=2e9777b99786a3ef6e5d786e2bc2e16f [Accessed 9 April 2008]
Lavergne, R. 1978. Les pestes v�g�tales de l�le de la R�union. Bull.Info-Nature n�16
Le Bourgeois, T. 2006. Dossier technique concernant Cibdela janthina (Hymenoptera-Tenthredinidae) pour une demande d importation et de l�cher � la R�union en vue de la lutte biologique contre Rubus alceifolius (Rosaceae), plante exotique envahissante. CIRAD/UMR PVBMT. 24P + annexes.
Le Bourgeois T, Baret S, Strasberg D. 2003. Les invasions biologiques, un probl�me majeur en milieu tropical insulaire, l�exemple de la situation � La R�union. Acad�mie d�Agriculture de France 90: 18-19.
Macdonald, I.A.W., Th�baud, C., Strahm, W.A., & Strasberg, D. 1991. Effects on alien plant invasions on native v�g�tation remnants on La Reunion (Mascarene Islands, Indian Ocean). Environmental Conservation, 18, 51-61.
Summary: Cet article est le premier � proposer une hi�rarchisation des plantes les plus envahissantes de La R�union. 33 plantes ont �t� ainsi class�es en utilisant une m�thode d�velopp�e en Afrique du Sud. Les bases d une strat�gie de lutte contre les plantes exotiques envahissantes sont �galement formul�es.
PIER (Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk), 2006. Rubus alceifolius.
Summary: Available from: http://www.hear.org/pier/species/rubus_alceifolius.htm [Accessed 9 April 2008]
USDA, ARS, 2008. Rubus alceifolius Poir. National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
Summary: Available from: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?32252 [Accessed 12 March 2008]
The following 5 contacts offer information an advice on Rubus alceifolius
Geographic region: Indian Ocean
Ecosystem: Terrestrial
Parc national de La R�union, Charg� de mission flore
112 rue Ste Marie - 97400 St Denis
02 62 90 79 06
02 62 90 11 39
Assistant Technique Union Internationale pour la Conservation de la Nature Initiative Cara�bes
C/O Parc National de Guadeloupe Habitation Beausoleil, Mont�ran 97120 Saint-Claude, Guadeloupe
(+590) (0)590 80 86 00
(+590) (0)590 80 05 46
Geographic region: Indian Ocean
Ecosystem: Terrestrial
Conservatoire Botanique National de Mascarin
2 rue du P�re Georges Domaine des Colima�ons 97436 SAINT LEU
(33) 02 62 24 92 27
Le Bourgeois,
Geographic region: Africa; Indian Ocean; Southest Asia
Ecosystem: Terrestrial, Freshwater
Centre de coop�ration internationale en recherche agronomique pour le d�veloppement
Cirad UMR AMAP, TA A51/PS2, Boulevard de la Lironde, F34398 Montpellier C�dex 5, France
33 (0)4 67 61 59 10
Geographic region: Indian Ocean
Ecosystem: Terrestrial
Office National des For�ts
ONF. Domaine Forestier de la Providence, 97488 Saint Denis cedex
Rubus alceifolius
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Justification for EICAT assessment
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Countries of most severe impact
Description of impacts
Recommended citation
(2023). Rubus alceifolius. IUCN Environmental Impact Classification for Alien Taxa (EICAT).