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  • Passiflora foetida (Photo: Forest & Kim Starr (USGS))
  • Passiflora foetida (Photo: Forest & Kim Starr (USGS))
  • Passiflora foetida (Photo: Forest & Kim Starr (USGS))
  • Passiflora foetida fruit (Photo: Forest & Kim Starr (USGS))
  • Immature fruit of Passiflora foetida (Photo: Forest & Kim Starr (USGS))
  • Habit of Passiflora foetida (Photo: Forest & Kim Starr (USGS))
Common name
qaranidila (English, Fiji), pwomwpwomw (English, Pohnpei), kudamono (English, Palau), loliloli ni kalavo (English, Fiji), stinking passionflower (English), passionflower (English), wild passion fruit (English), sou (English, Fiji), pompom (English, Pohnpei), pasio vao (English, Samoa), passiflore (French), bedoca (Spanish, Galapagos Islands), vine vao (English, Niue), lani wai (English, Hawaii (Ni'ihau)), mossy passionflower (English), kinahulo' atdao (English, Saipan), bombom (English, Chuuk), tomates (English, Yap), vaine 'initia (English, Tonga), pohapoha (English, Hawaii), dulce (English, Saipan), wild water lemon (English), fetid pa (English), tea biku (English, Kiribati), scarlet fruited passionflower (English), ka thoc rock (English), love-in-a-mist (English), vaine 'ae kuma (English), running pop (English)
Granadilla�foetida , (L.) Gaertn.
Dysosmia fluminensis , M.Roem.
Dysosmia foetida , (L.) M.Roem.
Dysosmia�gossypifolia , (Desv. ex Ham.) M.Roem.
Dysosmia�hastata , (Bertol.) M.Roem.
Dysosmia�hibiscifolia , (Lam.) M.Roem.
Dysosmia�nigelliflora , (Hook.) M.Roem.
Passiflora ciliata , Dryand.
Passiflora foetida , L. forma suberecta�Chodat & Hassl.
Passiflora ciliata , Dryand.var. quinquelobaGriseb.
Passiflora foetida , L.var. hirsutaMast.
Passiflora foetida , L.var. hastata(Bertol.) Mast.
Passiflora ciliata , Dryand.var. ripariaC.Wright ex Griseb.
Passiflora foetida , L.var. gossypifolia(Desv. ex Ham.) Mast.
Passiflora foetida , L.var. arizonicaKillip
Passiflora ciliata , Dryand.var. polyadenaGriseb.
Passiflora foetida , L.var. ciliata(Dryand.) Mast.
Passiflora foetida , L.var. isthmiaKillip
Passiflora foetida , L.var. lanuginosaKillip
Passiflora foetida , L.var. hibiscifolia (Lam.) Killip
Passiflora foetida , L.var. hirsutissimaKillip
Passiflora foetida , L.var. balansaeChodat
Passiflora foetida , L.var. galapagensisKillip
Passiflora foetida , L.var. glazioviiKillip
Passiflora foetida , L.forma latifoliaKuntze
Passiflora foetida , L.forma longifoliaKuntze
Passiflora foetida , L.forma quinqueloba(Griseb.) Mast.
Passiflora foetida , L.var. acapulcensisKillip
Passiflora foetida , L.var. eliasiiKillip
Passiflora foetida , L.var. gardneriKillip
Passiflora foetida , L.var. hispida(DC. ex Triana & Planch.) Killip
Dysosmia ciliata , (Dryand.) M.Roem.
Passiflora�baraquiniana , Lem.
Passiflora foetida , L.var. fluminensis(M.Roem.) Killip
Similar species
Passiflora edulis
Passiflora foetida is a perennial herbaceous vine that originates from tropical America, but is now a pantropic weed. It is a common weed in many places of the Pacific and Atlantic, where it climbs over low vegetation on roadsides and in other disturbed places. Monitoring and management of this toxic plant is recommended in tropical areas where it is present.
Species Description
\"Perennial vine, the stems hispid, with tendrils; leaves 3-parted; segments-apices acute; leaf base cordate; both sides hispid-hirsute; blades 3,5-10cm long, 4-12cm wide; petiole 2-6cm long; flowers solitary in axils, 3-5cm wide, purple and white on pedicels 2-7cm long; fruit yellow to orange; subglobose, thin leathery-skinned, nearly 2cm think, with many seeds; pulp scanty, sweetly tart. The very finely laciniate bracts enclosing the fruit probably gave rise to the curious common name\" (Stone, 1970, in PIER, 2002).
The whole plant has an unpleasant smell, but the ripe fruit is edible (Randall, 1998).
The fruit is edible, but not a common food item because it contains little pulp. It has a sweet taste, similar to the large fruited passifloras that are popular in other areas of the Pacific (Moore & McMakin, 2002) and Atlantic areas too.
Lifecycle Stages
Perennial vines
Cultivated - Medicinal/culinary purposes (Randall, 2003).
Habitat Description
P. foetida is an invader on disturbed sites. It favours wet areas (PIER, 2002) but can tolerate arid conditions (Randall, 2003). In Guam wild passionfruit grows on both volcanic and limestone soils and is commonly seen on abandoned land that has been previously cleared (Moore & McMakin, 2002). A common weed of disturbed areas on river and creek banks from Kimberley to Carnarvon in Australia (Randall, 1998). In Hawai‘i it is locally abundant, growing over low vegetation on lava flows and in disturbed places, such as pastures and roadsides up to 500m elevation (Whistler, 1995). In Bolivia and Argentina it can grow up to 1500m elevation. Management of this toxic plant is recommended in tropical areas where it is present.
Seed, commonly eaten and dispersed by birds, (PIER, 2002).

Principal source: Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk, PIER.

Compiler: IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)

Review: Dra. Norma B. Deginani. Curadora Herbario, Instituto de Bot�nica Darwinion (SI), San Isidro, Argentina.

Publication date: 2006-03-23

Recommended citation: Global Invasive Species Database (2024) Species profile: Passiflora foetida. Downloaded from http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=341 on 22-06-2024.

General Impacts
P. foetida forms a dense ground cover which prevents or delays the establishment of other species, (PIER, 2002). Sometimes on rice or cotton fields.
Countries (or multi-country features) with distribution records for Passiflora foetida
Informations on Passiflora foetida has been recorded for the following locations. Click on the name for additional informations.
Lorem Ipsum
Location Status Invasiveness Occurrence Source
Details of Passiflora foetida in information
Arrival date
Species notes for this location
Location note
Management notes for this location
Ecosystem services:
Impact information
P. foetida forms a dense ground cover which prevents or delays the establishment of other species, (PIER, 2002). Sometimes on rice or cotton fields.
Red List assessed species 0:
Management information
14 references found for Passiflora foetida

Management information
PIER (Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk), 2002. Passiflora foetida
Summary: Ecology, synonyms, common names, distributions (Pacific as well as global), management and impact information.
Available from: http://www.hear.org/pier/passiflora_foetida.htm [Accessed 8 April 2003].
Triet, T, 2001. Alien invasive plants of the Mekong Delta: An Overview. In: Report of Workshop on Alien Invasive Species, GBF � SSEA. Colombo, Pg 96 � 104. (ed. P. Balakrishna) IUCN Regional Biodiversity Programme, Asia, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Summary: An overview of invasive plants on the mekong river.
General information
Centre des ressources biologiques. Plantes tropicales. INRA-CIRAD. 2007.
Summary: Available from: http://collections.antilles.inra.fr/ [Accessed 31 March 2008]
Conservatoire Botanique National De Mascarin (BOULLET V. coord.) 2007. Passiflora foetida.- Index de la flore vasculaire de la R�union (Trach�ophytes) : statuts, menaces et protections. - Version 2007.1
Summary: Base de donn�es sur la flore de la R�union. De nombreuses informations tr�s utiles.
Available from: http://flore.cbnm.org/index2.php?page=taxon&num=482db0ecc10b8a9984ae850c9ada9899 [Accessed March 2008]
Exotic Pest Plant Council (EPPC), 2001. List of Invasive Species. Exotic Pest Plant Council s. Florida EPPC Newsletter, Volume 11, Number 1, pages 3-4.
Summary: Ranked List of invasive species in Florida.
Available from: http://www.fleppc.org/pdf/list01nl.pdf [Accessed 9 April 2003]
ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System), 2005. Online Database Passiflora foetida
Summary: An online database that provides taxonomic information, common names, synonyms and geographical jurisdiction of a species. In addition links are provided to retrieve biological records and collection information from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Data Portal and bioscience articles from BioOne journals.
Available from: http://www.cbif.gc.ca/pls/itisca/taxastep?king=every&p_action=containing&taxa=Passiflora+foetida&p_format=&p_ifx=plglt&p_lang= [Accessed March 2005]
Meyer, J.-Y., Loope, L., Sheppard, A., Munzinger, J., Jaffre, T. 2006. Les plantes envahissantes et potentiellement envahissantes dans l archipel n�o-cal�donien : premi�re �valuation et recommandations de gestion. in M.-L. Beauvais et al. (2006) : Les esp�ces envahissantes dans l�archipel n�o-cal�donien, Paris, IRD �ditions, 260 p.+ c�d�rom.
Moore & McMakin, 2002. Plants of Guam.
Summary: Description, and some species notes.
Available from: http://www.uog.edu/cals/site/POG/passif.html [Accessed 9 April 2003]
Randall. Passiflora foetida Vell. The Global Compendium of Weeds.
Summary: Uses, origin and other Data sources.
Available from: http://www.hear.org/gcw/html/index.html [Accessed on 9 April 2003]
Randall, Rod, 1998. DICOTYLEDONS, Weeds Australia.
Summary: Habitat in Australia, brief description.
Available from: http://members.iinet.net.au/~weeds/western_weeds/pap_pas_phy_pitt.htm [Accessed 9 April 2003]
Whistler. W. Arthur, 1983. Weed Handbook of Western Polynesia. Eschborn, Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH.
Summary: Catalogue of pest species in Western Polynesia.
Whistler. W. Arthur, 1995. Wayside plants of the Islands. Everbest Printing Company, Ltd. Hong Kong.
Summary: Catalogue of pest species in some pacific Islands.
Wunderlin & Hansen, 2003. Passiflora�foetida. Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants.
Summary: Plant synonyms.
Available from: http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/main.asp?plantID=1740 [Accessed 9 April 2003].
The following 5 contacts offer information an advice on Passiflora foetida
Assistant Technique Union Internationale pour la Conservation de la Nature Initiative Cara�bes
C/O Parc National de Guadeloupe Habitation Beausoleil, Mont�ran 97120 Saint-Claude, Guadeloupe
(+590) (0)590 80 86 00
(+590) (0)590 80 05 46
Geographic region: Indian Ocean
Ecosystem: Terrestrial
Conservatoire Botanique National de Mascarin
2 rue du P�re Georges Domaine des Colima�ons 97436 SAINT LEU
(33) 02 62 24 92 27
Le Bourgeois,
Geographic region: Africa; Indian Ocean; Southest Asia
Ecosystem: Terrestrial, Freshwater
Centre de coop�ration internationale en recherche agronomique pour le d�veloppement
Cirad UMR AMAP, TA A51/PS2, Boulevard de la Lironde, F34398 Montpellier C�dex 5, France
33 (0)4 67 61 59 10
Geographic region: Pacific, Indian Ocean
Ecosystem: Terrestrial
Expert in the botany of French Polynesia and the Pacific Islands, and has worked on ecology and biological control of Miconia calvescens in French Polynesia.
D�l�gation � la Recherche
D�l�gation � la Recherche, Gouvernement de Polyn�sie fran�aise. B.P. 20981, 98713 Papeete, Tahiti, Polyn�sie fran�aise
689 47 25 60
Dr. Richard
(� 2002 Institute for Systematic Botany)

Passiflora foetida
qaranidila, pwomwpwomw, kudamono, loliloli ni kalavo, stinking passionflower, passionflower, wild passion fruit, sou, pompom, pasio vao, passiflore, bedoca, vine vao, lani wai, mossy passionflower, kinahulo' atdao, bombom, tomates, vaine 'initia, pohapoha, dulce, wild water lemon, fetid pa, tea biku, scarlet fruited passionflower, ka thoc rock, love-in-a-mist, vaine 'ae kuma, running pop
Date assessed
Year published
Eicat category
Justification for EICAT assessment
Confidence rating
Mechanism(s) of maximum impact
Countries of most severe impact
Description of impacts
Recommended citation
(2024). Passiflora foetida. IUCN Environmental Impact Classification for Alien Taxa (EICAT).