• General
  • Distribution
  • Impact
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Common name
manini fua lalahi (Niuean), aguaymanto (Spanish, Peru), Kapstachelbeere (English), coqueret du Peru (English), tomatinho-de-capucho (Portuguese), gooseberry tomato (English), erva-noiva-do-peru (Portuguese), alquequenje (Portuguese, Brazil), groselha-do-Peru (Portuguese, Brazil), manini (Niuean), alquequenje (Spanish), bate-testa (Portuguese, Brazil), capulí (Spanish), physalis (Portuguese, Brazil), uvilla (Spanish, Ecuador), tukiyandra (Fijian), botebote yadra (Fijian), poha (Hawaiian), thol thakkali (Sinhalese), topotopo (Quechua), alquequenje amarillo (Spanish), mbotembote yandra (Fijian), maulanggua (Fijian), kospeli (Fijian), tupera (Maori, Cook Islands), goundou-goundou (English), pa'ina (Hawaiian), winebusupén (English), Cape gooseberry (English), gooseberry-tomato (English), te bin (English, Kiribati), te baraki (English, Kiribati), rasabarii (Nepali), jangalii mevaa (Nepali), ishmagol (Nepali), Peruvian cherry (English), watamo (English, Nauru), ground cherry (English), Peruvian ground-cherry (English), tupere (English, Tahiti), goldenberry (English), oatamo (English, Nauru), camapú (Portuguese, Brazil), ku'usi (Tongan)
Similar species
Physalis peruviana originates from the tropics and is cultivated in its native lands. It poses an indirect threat to agriculture when imported as it may harbour introduced plant pests.
Species Description
Physalis peruviana is a shortlived perennial to 1 m tall, semi-woody. Leaves simple, alternate, in pairs at each node, unequal in size, margins somewhat lobed or not. Flowers solitary in leaf axils, bell-shaped, yellow with purplish brown spots at the base of the corolla. Berries pale yellow, drying to pale brown, aromatic, covered by papery calyx. Seeds numerous (Motooka et al. 2003).\n

\nSoft-wooded, short-lived shrubs up to ca. 1 m tall, straggly with age, all parts densely pubescent with erect, simple or glandular hairs up to 1 mm long. Leaves simple, alternate, usually geminate, 1 larger than the other, ovate-acuminate, often 6 cm long, 4 cm wide, margins entire or rarely with a few blunt lobes, apex acuminate, base cordate, petioles 2 to 3 cm long. Flowers perfect, actinomorphic, solitary in the leaf axils, pedicellate; calyx connate in lower, 5-lobed, veins often prominent, the lobes acumunate-triangular, ca. 1 cm long, distinct at apex; corolla yellow with well-defined purplish brown spots at base, 15 to 20 mm in diameter, the limb rotate or shallowly 10-lobed, the tube swollen into shallow nectary pouches between the filaments, densely pubescent with pale yellowish dendritic hairs below the spots and around the nectaries; style 5 to 7 mm long. Berries pale yellow, drying pale brown, aromatic, succulent, globose, 1.5 to 2 cm in diameter, enclosed in the inflated calyx 3 to 3.5 cm long. Seeds numerous, pale brown, discoid, 1.75 to 2 mm long, minutely shallowly reticulate, embryo curved, endosperm present (Wagner et al. 1999, in PIER 2002).\n

Seeds creamy white to yellowish and very small (less than 2 mm in diameter); ovoid, compressed; testa slightly pitted (PIER Undated). \n

The scientifc name Physalis peruviana was derived from the Greek physa, bladder, for the calyx covering the fruit and peruviana meaning of Peru (Motooka et al. 2003).\n
Physalis peruviana is used as an ornamental plant; consumed (fruit); berries used for making jams; used in traditional medicine (USDA-ARS 2003; Motooka et al. 2003).
Habitat Description
Physalis peruviana grows well in the tropics (Bailey 1949, in USDA 1997). It may be found in mesic to wet forests, subalpine woodland and disturbed sites on mountain slopes at altitudes of 450 to 2020 meters (Wagner et al. 1999, in PIER 2002; Motooka et al. 2003). In Fiji it occurs at elevations from near sea level to 900 meters; it is also found in gardens and in forests along trails and streams, in clearings and in cultivated areas (Smith 1991, in PIER 2002). It is a common weed in some plantations in Niue (Sykes 1970, in PIER 2002). It is frequently found in Tahiti in cool valleys to an altitude of 800 meters (Welsh 1998, in PIER 2002). It is an occasional plantation weed in Tonga (Yuncker 1959, in PIER 2002).
Fruit/seed; seed produced in a fruit capsule

Principal source:

Compiler: IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) with support from the EU-funded South Atlantic Invasive Species project, coordinated by the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB)


Publication date: 2010-08-16

Recommended citation: Global Invasive Species Database (2023) Species profile: Physalis peruviana. Downloaded from http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/speciesname/Physalis+peruviana on 02-12-2023.

General Impacts
The Global Compendium on Weeds lists Physalis peruviana as an agricultural weed, cultivation escape and environmental weed (GCW 2007). P. peruviana poses an indirect threat to US agriculture when imported as it may harbour introduced plant pests, including a wide range of arthropod (insect) pests and plant pathogenic fungi, viruses and bacteria (USDA 1997).
Management Info
Chemical: Physalis peruviana is probably susceptible to hormone-type herbicides, especially when young, and probably to tebuthiuron (Motooka et al. 2003).
Countries (or multi-country features) with distribution records for Physalis peruviana
  • bolivia
  • colombia
  • ecuador
  • peru
  • venezuela
Informations on Physalis peruviana has been recorded for the following locations. Click on the name for additional informations.
Lorem Ipsum
Location Status Invasiveness Occurrence Source
Details of Physalis peruviana in information
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Species notes for this location
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Ecosystem services:
Impact information
The Global Compendium on Weeds lists Physalis peruviana as an agricultural weed, cultivation escape and environmental weed (GCW 2007). P. peruviana poses an indirect threat to US agriculture when imported as it may harbour introduced plant pests, including a wide range of arthropod (insect) pests and plant pathogenic fungi, viruses and bacteria (USDA 1997).
Red List assessed species 0:
[1] Poisoning/Toxicity
[1] Socio-Economic
  • [1] Reduce/damage livestock and products
Management information
Chemical: Physalis peruviana is probably susceptible to hormone-type herbicides, especially when young, and probably to tebuthiuron (Motooka et al. 2003).
17 references found for Physalis peruviana

Management information
Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW). 2007. Physalis peruviana (Solanaceae)
Summary: Images
Available from: http://www.hear.org/gcw/species/physalis_peruviana/ [Accessed 25 October 2009]
IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)., 2010. A Compilation of Information Sources for Conservation Managers.
Summary: This compilation of information sources can be sorted on keywords for example: Baits & Lures, Non Target Species, Eradication, Monitoring, Risk Assessment, Weeds, Herbicides etc. This compilation is at present in Excel format, this will be web-enabled as a searchable database shortly. This version of the database has been developed by the IUCN SSC ISSG as part of an Overseas Territories Environmental Programme funded project XOT603 in partnership with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment. The compilation is a work under progress, the ISSG will manage, maintain and enhance the database with current and newly published information, reports, journal articles etc.
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER). 2008. Images: Physalis peruviana L., Solanaceae
Summary: Images
Available from: http://www.hear.org/pier/imagepages/thumbnails/physalis_peruviana.htm [Accessed 25 October 2009]
Tristan Island Government. 2006. Tristan da Cunha: Biodiversity Action Plan (2006-2010)
Summary: Available from: http://www.rspb.org.uk/Images/TristanBiodiversityActionPlan2_tcm9-180968.pdf [Accessed 25 October 2009]
U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). 1997. Importation of Cape Gooseberry Fruit, Physalis peruviana, from Colombia into the United States: Qualitative, Pathway-Initiated Pest Risk Assessment.
Summary: Available from: https://web01.aphis.usda.gov/oxygen_fod/fb_md_ppq.nsf/d259f66c6afbd45e852568a90027bcad/cf02d9a32e4823d4852568f60048c304/$FILE/0023.pdf [Accessed 25 October 2009]
Varnham, K. 2006. Non-native species in UK Overseas Territories: a review. JNCC Report 372. Peterborough: United Kingdom.
Summary: This database compiles information on alien species from British Overseas Territories.
Available from: http://www.jncc.gov.uk/page-3660 [Accessed 10 November 2009]
General information
Ascension Island Conservation Centre. Undated. Plants. Georgetown, Ascension Island, South Atlantic Ocean.
Summary: Available from: http://www.ascensionconservation.org.ac/pdf/6-E-plants-of-Green-Mountain.pdf [Accessed 25 October 2009]
Dean, W.R.J., S.J. Milton, P.G. Ryan and C.L. Moloney. 1994. The role of disturbance in the establishment of indigenous and alien plants at Inaccessible and Nightingale Islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, Plant Ecology 113 (1)
Duffey, Eric. 1964. The Terrestrial Ecology of Ascension Island, The Journal of Applied Ecology 1 (2): 219-251.
Summary: Images
Available from: http://www.seaturtle.org/PDF/Duffey_1964_JAppEcol.pdf [Accessed 25 October 2009]
Fay, Michael F., Vanessa E. Thomas and Sandra Knapp. 2007. 602. Mellissia begonifolia Solanaceae. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew 2007. Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR). 2008. Plants of Hawaii: Solanaceae: Physalis peruviana (Poha, Cape gooseberry)
Summary: Images
Available from: http://www.hear.org/starr/plants/images/species/?q=physalis+peruviana [Accessed 25 October 2009]
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER). 2002. Physalis peruviana L., Solanaceae
Summary: Available from: http://www.hear.org/pier/species/physalis_peruviana.htm [Accessed 25 October 2009]
The following 0 contacts offer information an advice on Physalis peruviana
Physalis peruviana
manini fua lalahi, aguaymanto, Kapstachelbeere, coqueret du Peru, tomatinho-de-capucho, gooseberry tomato, erva-noiva-do-peru , alquequenje, groselha-do-Peru, manini, alquequenje, bate-testa, capulí, physalis, uvilla, tukiyandra, botebote yadra, poha, thol thakkali, topotopo, alquequenje amarillo, mbotembote yandra, maulanggua, kospeli, tupera, goundou-goundou, pa'ina, winebusupén, Cape gooseberry, gooseberry-tomato, te bin, te baraki, rasabarii, jangalii mevaa, ishmagol, Peruvian cherry, watamo, ground cherry, Peruvian ground-cherry, tupere, goldenberry, oatamo, camapú, ku'usi
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Description of impacts
Recommended citation
(2023). Physalis peruviana. IUCN Environmental Impact Classification for Alien Taxa (EICAT).