Ackefors, H. G. 2000. Freshwater crayfish farming technology in the 1990s: A European and global perspective. Fish and Fisheries 1: 337-359.
Summary: Information on description, economic importance, distribution, habitat, history, growth, and impacts and management of species.
Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science (CEFAS)., 2008. Decision support tools-Identifying potentially invasive non-native marine and freshwater species: fish, invertebrates, amphibians.Summary:
The electronic tool kits made available on the Cefas page for free download are Crown Copyright (2007-2008). As such, these are freeware and may be freely distributed provided this notice is retained. No warranty, expressed or implied, is made and users should satisfy themselves as to the applicability of the results in any given circumstance. Toolkits available include 1) FISK- Freshwater Fish Invasiveness Scoring Kit (English and Spanish language version); 2) MFISK- Marine Fish Invasiveness Scoring Kit; 3) MI-ISK- Marine invertebrate Invasiveness Scoring Kit; 4) FI-ISK- Freshwater Invertebrate Invasiveness Scoring Kit and AmphISK- Amphibian Invasiveness Scoring Kit. These tool kits were developed by Cefas, with new VisualBasic and computational programming by Lorenzo Vilizzi, David Cooper, Andy South and Gordon H. Copp, based on VisualBasic code in the original Weed Risk Assessment (WRA) tool kit of P.C. Pheloung, P.A. Williams & S.R. Halloy (1999).
The decision support tools are available from: http://cefas.defra.gov.uk/our-science/ecosystems-and-biodiversity/non-native-species/decision-support-tools.aspx [Accessed 13 October 2011] The guidance document
is available from http://www.cefas.co.uk/media/118009/fisk_guide_v2.pdf [Accessed 13 January 2009].
Gherardi, F. & Holdich, D. M. (eds) 1999. Crayfish in Europe as alien species - how to make the best of a bad situation? Crustacean Issues 11. A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam: 299 p.
Guan, R-Z. 1994. Burrowing behaviour of signal crayfish, Pacifastacus leniusculus (Dana), in the River Great Ouse, England. Freshwater Forum 4: 155-168
Guan, R-Z. & Wiles, P. R. 1997. Ecological impact of introduced crayfish on benthic fishes in a British lowland river. Conservation Biology 11(3): 641-647.
Hiley, P. D. 2003. The slow quiet invasion of signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus) in England � prospects for the white-clawed crayfish (Austropotamobius pallipes), in Holdich D. M. & Sibley, P. J. (Eds), Management & Conservation of Crayfish. Proceedings of a conference held in Nottingham on 7th November, 2002. Environment Agency, Bristol: 127-138.
Holdich, D. M. 1999. The negative effects of established crayfish populations. In Gherardi, F. and Holdich, D.M. (eds.) Crustacean Issues 11: Crayfish in Europe as Alien Species (How to make the best of a bad situation?) A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Netherlands: 31-48.
Summary: This chapter gives a good overview of the negative effects of crayfish populations on the environment. Global case studies are documented and general management solutions are mentioned.
Holdich, D. M., Gydemo, R. and Rogers, W.D. 1999. A review of possible methods for controlling nuisance populations of alien crayfish. In Gherardi, F. and Holdich, D.M. (eds.) Crustacean Issues 11: Crayfish in Europe as Alien Species (How to make the best of a bad situation?) A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Netherlands: 245-270.
Summary: This chapter gives an informative overview of methods of controlling crayfish, with an overview of the advantages and disavdantages of different methods and a good review of recent research.
Kirjavainen, J. and Sipponen, M. 2004. Environmental Benefit of Different Crayfish Management Strategies in Finland, Fisheries Management and Ecology 11: 213 - 218.
Summary: This article includes historical information about the introduction of P. leniusculus into Finland and some of its environmental effects (eg: transmission of the crayfish fungus plague). It focuses on interspecific competition between the Noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) (native in Europe, including Scandinavia, and considered vulnerable by the IUCN, 1996). Mentions Finland s role as Europe s largest commercial producer of A. astacus.
Nakata, K. and Goshima, S. 2003. Competition for Shelter of Preferred Sizes Between the Native Crayfish Species Cambaroides japonicus and the Alien Crayfish Species Size, Journal of Crustacean Biology 23 (4): 897 - 907.
Summary: Outlines the interspecific competition between P. leniusculus and C. japonicus for available shelters.
Peay, S. 2005. Drastic action. Crayfish NEWS 27 (1): 5.
Pockl, M. and Pekney, R. 2002. Interaction between native and Alien Species of Crayfish in Austria: Case Studies [Abstract], Bulletin Francais de la Peche et de la Pisciculture 367:763 - 776.
Summary: History of introduction and distribution of P. leniusculus in Austria.
Stebbing, P.D. , Watson, G.J., Bentley, M.G., Fraser, D., Jennings, R., Rushton, S.P., Sibley, P.J. 2003. Reducing the Threat: the Potential use of Pheromones to Control Invasive Signal Crayfish[Abstract], Bulletin Francais de la Peche et de la Pisciculture 370-371.
Summary: The potential application of the pheromones in controlling P. leniusculus populations.
Stebbing, P. D., Watson, G. J., Bentley, M. G., Fraser, D., Jennings, R. & Sibley, P. J. 2005. Evaluation of the capacity of pheromones for control of invasive non-native crayfish: part 2. English Nature Research Report No. 633. English Nature, Peterborough: 46 p.
Westman, K. 2002. Alien crayfish in Europe: negative and positive impacts and interactions with native crayfish, in Lepp�koski, E., Gollasch, S. & Olenin, S. (Eds), Invasive aquatic species of Europe. Distribution, impacts and management. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, London: 76-95.
Westman, K., Savolainen, R. & Julkunen, M. 2002. Replacement of the native crayfish Astacus astacus by the introduced speceis Pacifastacus leniusculus in a small, enclosed Finnish lake: a 30-year study. Ecography 25: 53-73.
Ackefors, H. 1999. The positive effects of established crayfish introductions in Europe. In Gherardi, F. and Holdich, D.M. (eds.) Crustacean Issues 11: Crayfish in Europe as Alien Species (How to make the best of a bad situation?) A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Netherlands: 49-62.
Summary: This chapter overviews the commercial benefits gained from crayfish harvestinjg in Europe.
Alderman, D. J. 1996. Geographical spread of bacterial and fungal diseases of crustaceans. Reviews Science and Technology Office International Epizooitology 15: 603-632.
Alderman, D. J., Holdich, D. M. & Reeve, I. D. 1990. Signal crayfish acting as vectors in crayfish plague in Britain. Aquaculture 86: 3-6.
BBC News. 2003. North American signal crayfish has now been found in northern England, the last stronghold of Britain s native white-clawed crayfish, already extirpated from most of southern England by the larger, more aggressive invader, pollution and habitat loss. November 17, 2003.
Changeux, T. 2003. Technical note: Changes in crayfish distribution in Metropolitan France according to the national surveys performed by the Conseil sup�rieur de la p�che from 1977 to 2001. Bull. Fr. P�che Piscic., 2003, 370-371: 17-41
Summary: A review of the success of management strategies and the status of P. leniusculus in France.
Erkamo, E., Järvenpää, T., Mannonen, A. & Tulonen, J. 2004. Ravut - Kräftor, in Kalavarat 2004. SVT Maa-, metsä- ja kalatalous 60: 67-71
Griffiths, S.W., Collen, P. and Armstrong, J.D. 2004. Competition for Shelter Among Over-wintering Signal Crayfish and Juvenile Atlantic Salmon, Journal of Fish Biology 65: 436 - 447.
Summary: Study on the effects of interspecific competition between P. leniusculus and Atlantic salmon for refuges on salmon densities.
Henttonen, P. & Huner, J. V. 1999. The introduction of alien species of crayfish in Europe: a historical introduction, in Gherardi, F. & Holdich, D. M. (Eds), Crayfish in Europe as alien species. How to make the best of a bad situation. A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam: 13-22.
Hiruta S. 1996. The presence of signal crayfish in Hokkaida, Japan. Crayfish NEWS 19 (1): 12.
Holdich, D. M. 2002. Present distribution of crayfish in Europe and some adjoining countries. Bulletin Fran�ais de la P�che et de la Pisciculture 367: 611-650
Holdich, D. M., Sibley, P. J. & Peay, S. The white-clawed crayfish � a decade on. British Wildlife 15 (3):153-164.
ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System), 2005. Online Database Pacifastacus leniusculus.Summary:
An online database that provides taxonomic information, common names, synonyms and geographical jurisdiction of a species. In addition links are provided to retrieve biological records and collection information from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Data Portal and bioscience articles from BioOne journals.
Available from: http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=97326 [Accessed 25 February 2008]
Kawai, T. & Hiruta, M. 1999. Distribution of crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus and Cambaroides japonicus) in Lake Shikaribetsu and Shihoro, Hokkaido, Japan. Crayfish NEWS 21 (3): 11.
Kiszely, P. 2004. Signal crayfish in Hungary � a vector of Aphanomyces � doomed future for Astacus in the Danube catchment area. Crayfish NEWS 26 (4) 6-7.
Lewis, S. D. 2002. Pacifastacus, in Holdich, D. M. (Ed.), Biology of freshwater crayfish. Blackwell Science, Oxford: 511-540
Lilley, J. H., Cerenius, L. & S�der�ll, K. 1997. RAPD evidence for the origin of crayfish plague outbreaks in Britain. Aquaculture 157: 181-185.
Lowery, R. S. & Holdich, D. M. 1988. Pacifastacus leniusculus in North America and Europe, with details of the distribution of introduced and native crayfish species in Europe, in Holdich, D. M. & Lowery, R. S. (Eds), Freshwater crayfish: biology, management and exploitation. Croom Helm, London: 283-308.
Machino, Y. & Holdich, D. M. 2005. Distribution of crayfish in Europe and adjacent countries: updates and comments. Freshwater Crayfish 15: (in press).
Nakata, K., Hamano, T., Hayashi, K. and Kawai, T. 2002. Lethal Limits of High Temperature for two Crayfishes, the Native Species Cambaroides japonicus and the Alien Species Pacifastacus leniusculus in Japan, Fisheries Science 68(4): 763 - 767.
Summary: A comparison of temperature tolerance of P. leniusculus and C. japonicus.
Nakata, K., Tanaka, A. and Goshima, S. 2004. Reproduction of the Alien Crayfish Species Pacifastacus leniusculus in Lake Shikaribetsu, Hokkaido, Japan, Journal of Crustacean Biology 24(3): 496 - 501
Summary: This article includes historical information about the introduction of P. leniusculus into Japan. It mentions the impact of P. leniusculus on the native crayfish Cambaroides japonicus, which is considered to be endangered according to the Japanese Fisheries Agency (1998) and the Environment Agency (2000).
Nystrom, P. 1999. Ecological impact of introduced and native crayfish on freshwater communities: European perspectives. In Gherardi, F. and Holdich, D.M. (eds.) Crustacean Issues 11: Crayfish in Europe as Alien Species (How to make the best of a bad situation?) A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Netherlands: 63-85.
Summary: This chapter outlines and compares the possible effects of introduced and European native crayfish on macrophytes, algae, invertebrates, amphibians and fish.
Rogers, W. D. & Holdich, D. M. 1995. Crayfish production in Britain. Freshwater Crayfish 10: 585-596
Sibley, P. 2000. � Signal crayfish management in the River Wreake catchment, in rogers, D. & Brickland, J. (Eds), Crayfish Conference Leeds. Environment Agency, Leeds: 95-108.
Sibley, P. J. 2003. The distribution of crayfish in Britain, in Holdich, D. M. & Sibley, P. J. (Eds), Management & Conservation of Crayfish. Proceedings of a conference held in Nottingham on 7th November, 2002. Environment Agency, Bristol: 64-72.
Skurdal, J., Taugb�l, T., Burba, A., Edsman, L., S�derb�ck, B., Styrishave, B., Tuusti, J. & Westman, K. 1999. Crayfish introductions in the Nordic and Baltic countries, in Gherardi, F. & Holdich, D. M. (Eds), Crayfish in Europe as alien species. How to make the best of a bad situation. A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam: 193-219.
Stanton, J. A. 2004. Burrowing behaviour and movements of the signal crayfish. Unpublished PhD. thesis, University of Leicester, UK. 169 p.
Stebbing, P. D., Bentley, M. G. & Watson, G. J. 2003. Mating behaviour and evidence for a female released courtship pheromone in the signal crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus. Journal of Chemical ecology 29 (2): 463-473.
Sv�rdson, G. 1995. The early history of signal crayfish introduction into Europe. Freshwater Crayfish 8: 68-76.
Taylor, C. A. 2002. Taxonomy and conservation of native crayfish stocks, in Holdich, D. M. (Ed.), Biology of freshwater crayfish. Blackwell Science, Oxford: 236-257
Usio, N., Konishi, M. and Nakano, S. 2001. Species Displacement Between an Introduced and A vulnerable Crayfish: The Role of Aggressive Interactions and Shelter Competition, Biological Invasions 3(2): 179 - 185.
Summary: Inferiority in aggressive interactions and shelter occupancy may be a critical disadvantage for C. japonicus if shelters are limited in natural situations.
Vorburger, C., Ribi, G. 1999. Aggression and Competition for Shelter Between a Native and an Introduced Crayfish in Europe, Freshwater Biology 42: 111 - 119
Summary: A study on agonistic behaviour between P. leniusculus and A. torrentium (a crayfish native to Europe). Concludes that although neither species is inherently dominant P. leniusculus would still have an advantage because in a natural situation it is the larger and faster growing of the two species.
Westman, K., Savolainen, R. and Julkunen, M. 2002. Replacement of the Native Crayfish Astacus astacus by the Introduced Species Pacifastacus leninsculus in a Small, Enclosed Finnish Lake: a 30-year Study, Ecography 25(1): 53 - 73.
Summary: Examines the occurrence of Astacus astacus and P. leniusculus in Slicklampi, Finland. Reason for the decline in the population; Reproductive interference between two species; Effect of interspecific mating on eggs.