Global invasive species database

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  • Distribution
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Common name
coral bead plant (English), moho (Tongan), pois rouge (English), assacumirim (Portuguese, Brazil), olho-de-pombo (Portuguese, Brazil), Indian-licorice (English), crab's eye (English), jequerity (English), licorice-vine (English), pitipiti'o (Cook Islands), jequirity-bean (English), jequiriti (Portuguese, Brazil), love-bean (English), lucky-bean (English), minnie-minnies (English), koviriviri mata-tako (Cook Islands), precatory bean (English), precatory (English), prayer-beads (English), rosary pea (English), red-beadvine (English), matamoho (Tongan), rosarypea (English), matamoe (Tongan), weather vine (English), tento (Portuguese, Brazil), weather plant (English), tento muido (English), uiui (Cook Islands), pipi tio (Tahitian), ojos de cangrejo (Spanish), pitipitio (Tahitian), pupukiawe (Hawaiian), pukiawe lei (Hawaiian), fuefue laulili'i (Samoan), peronías (Spanish), pukiawe (Hawaiian), pomea mataila (Niuean), matamoso (Samoan), ndiri ndamu (Fijian), pukiawe lenalena (Hawaiian), lere ndamu (Fijian), lele (Fijian), nggiri ndamu (Fijian), kolales halomtano (Chamorro), kaikes en iak (Pohnpeian), kirikiri rangi (Cook Islands), mata'ila (Niuean), alcaçuz-da-américa (Portuguese, Brazil), guen léglise (French), olho-de-cabra-miúdo (Portuguese, Brazil)
Synonym
Abrus abrus , (L.) W. Wight
Glycine abrus , Linnaeus
Similar species
Summary
Abrus precatorius a legume, is a nitrogen fixer and where present in large stands can alter soil nutrient status. It is also suspected to have allelopathic effects that could alter native species recruitment.
Uses
Abrus precatorius seeds are used as beads; A. precatorius is used in folk medicine (USDA-ARS, 2010).

Principal source:

Compiler: IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) with support from the Overseas Territories Environmental Programme (OTEP) project XOT603, a joint project with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment

Review:

Publication date: 2010-06-08

Recommended citation: Global Invasive Species Database (2017) Species profile: Abrus precatorius. Downloaded from http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/speciesname/Abrus+precatorius on 16-12-2017.

General Impacts
In Florida Abrus precatorius a nitrogen fixer, is reported to alter soil nutrient status where present in large stands. It is also suspected to have allelopathic effects that could alter native species recruitment (Gordon, 1998).

A study Lindon & Menges (2008) conducted in south-Central Florida on the impacts of smoke on the germination of seeds found that A. precatorius was among three species that showed significant positive germination percentages after exposure to smoke. Lindon & Menges (2008) observe that the high germination success of A. precatorius without exposure to smoke and even higher germination success when exposed to smoke is of concern as it could contribute to the spread of these species.

Management Info
Physical: Small plants can be dug and pulled out (Motooka et al., 2003).

Chemical: Abrus precatorius is probably sensitive to foliar sprays of triclopyr; good control has been observed with triclopyr ester at 10% in oil applied to basal bark or cut surface and with triclopyr amine at 50% in water applied to cut surface (Motooka et al., 2003).

A user guide developed by Kline and Duquesnel (1996) based on the experiences of practitioners involved in the control of exotic species recommends the following treatment for the control of

  • Method: Basal; Herbicide: Garlon 4; Concentration: 10%; Effectiveness: Good;
  • Method: Cut; Herbicide: Garlon 4; Concentration: 10%; Effectiveness: Good;
  • Method: Cut; Herbicide: Garlon 3A; Concentration: 50%; Effectiveness: Good
  • Countries (or multi-country features) with distribution records for Abrus precatorius
    NATIVE RANGE
    • australia
    • bangladesh
    • botswana
    • cambodia
    • china
    • fiji
    • french polynesia
    • india
    • indonesia
    • kenya
    • lao people's democratic republic
    • madagascar
    • malaysia
    • mauritius
    • micronesia
    • myanmar
    • namibia
    • niger
    • pakistan
    • papua new guinea
    • philippines
    • rwanda
    • seychelles
    • south africa
    • sri lanka
    • sudan
    • swaziland
    • taiwan
    • tanzania, united republic of
    • thailand
    • togo
    • uganda
    • viet nam
    Informations on Abrus precatorius has been recorded for the following locations. Click on the name for additional informations.
    Lorem Ipsum
    Location Status Invasiveness Occurrence Source
    Details of Abrus precatorius in information
    Status
    Invasiveness
    Arrival date
    Occurrence
    Source
    Introduction
    Species notes for this location
    Location note
    Management notes for this location
    Impact
    Mechanism:
    Outcome:
    Ecosystem services:
    Impact information
    In Florida Abrus precatorius a nitrogen fixer, is reported to alter soil nutrient status where present in large stands. It is also suspected to have allelopathic effects that could alter native species recruitment (Gordon, 1998).

    A study Lindon & Menges (2008) conducted in south-Central Florida on the impacts of smoke on the germination of seeds found that A. precatorius was among three species that showed significant positive germination percentages after exposure to smoke. Lindon & Menges (2008) observe that the high germination success of A. precatorius without exposure to smoke and even higher germination success when exposed to smoke is of concern as it could contribute to the spread of these species.

    Red List assessed species 0:
    Locations
    UNITED STATES
    Outcomes
    [1] Environmental Ecosystem - Habitat
    • [1] Modification of nutrient pool and fluxes
    Management information
    Physical: Small plants can be dug and pulled out (Motooka et al., 2003).

    Chemical: Abrus precatorius is probably sensitive to foliar sprays of triclopyr; good control has been observed with triclopyr ester at 10% in oil applied to basal bark or cut surface and with triclopyr amine at 50% in water applied to cut surface (Motooka et al., 2003).

    A user guide developed by Kline and Duquesnel (1996) based on the experiences of practitioners involved in the control of exotic species recommends the following treatment for the control of

  • Method: Basal; Herbicide: Garlon 4; Concentration: 10%; Effectiveness: Good;
  • Method: Cut; Herbicide: Garlon 4; Concentration: 10%; Effectiveness: Good;
  • Method: Cut; Herbicide: Garlon 3A; Concentration: 50%; Effectiveness: Good
  • Locations
    UNITED STATES
    Management Category
    Prevention
    Bibliography
    13 references found for Abrus precatorius

    Managment information
    IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)., 2010. A Compilation of Information Sources for Conservation Managers.
    Summary: This compilation of information sources can be sorted on keywords for example: Baits & Lures, Non Target Species, Eradication, Monitoring, Risk Assessment, Weeds, Herbicides etc. This compilation is at present in Excel format, this will be web-enabled as a searchable database shortly. This version of the database has been developed by the IUCN SSC ISSG as part of an Overseas Territories Environmental Programme funded project XOT603 in partnership with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment. The compilation is a work under progress, the ISSG will manage, maintain and enhance the database with current and newly published information, reports, journal articles etc.
    Kline, W.N. and J.G. Duquesnel, 1996. Management of Exotic Plants with Herbicides in Florida. Down To Earth, Vol. 51, No. 2, 1996
    Summary: Available from: http://myfwc.com/docs/WildlifeHabitats/InvasivePlants_HerbicideGuide.pdf [Accessed 26 July 2010]
    Motooka, Philip, Luisa Castro, Duane Nelson, Guy Nagai, and Lincoln Ching. 2003. Weeds of Hawaii s Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (University of Hawaii--Manoa), Honolulu. 184 pp. color illus. ISBN: 1-929325-14-2.
    Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER), 2009. Abrus precatorius L., Fabaceae
    Summary: Available from: http://www.hear.org/pier/species/abrus_precatorius.htm [Accessed 26 July 2010]
    The Bahamas Environment, Science and Technology (BEST) Commission 2003. The National Invasive Species Strategy for The Bahamas. BEST, Nassau, The Bahamas, 34 pp.
    General information
    Brunt, M. A. & J. E. Davies (Eds), 1994. The Cayman Islands: natural history and biogeography. Kluwer Academic Publishers 604 pages
    Gordon, R. Doria, 1998. Effects of Invasive Non-Indigenous Plant Species on Ecosystem Processes: Lessons from Florida. Ecological Applications, 8(4), 1998, pp. 975�989
    Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), 2010. Abrus precatorius L.
    Summary: Available from: http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=26416 [Accessed 26 July 2010]
    Lindon, Heather Lynn and Eric Menges, 2008. Scientific Note: Effects of Smoke on Seed Germination of Twenty Species of Fire-Prone Habitats in Florida. Castanea 73(2): 106�110. JUNE 2008
    Morton, F. Julia, 1976. Pestiferous spread of many ornamental and fruit species in South Florida. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 89: 1976.
    Summary: Available from: http://www.fshs.org/Proceedings/Password%20Protected/1976%20Vol.%2089/348-353%20(MORTON).pdf [Accessed 26 July 2010]
    Contact
    The following 0 contacts offer information an advice on Abrus precatorius