Global invasive species database

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  • Although the flowers of this coarse vine are showier than average for Polygonaceae, a closer view reveals that their construction is quite typical for the family, note 5-parted perianth and eight stamens (Photo: Dr. Gerald D. Carr, University of Hawaii at Manoa)
  • Antigonon leptopus or Mexican creeper (Photo: Dr. Gerald D. Carr, University of Hawaii at Manoa)
  • Herbarium voucher image from Bishop Museum (Antigonon leptopus); BISH #640483 Bishop Museum, Herbarium Pacificum
  • Antigonon leptopus (Photo: Jim Space, www.hear.org/pier)
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Common name
love-vine (English), Sandwich Island creeper (English, India), hearts on a chain (English), chain-of-love (English), confederate vine (English), mountain rose (English), Mexican creeper (English), coral vine (English), coral bells (English), rohsapoak (English, Pohnpei), kadena de amor (English), corallita (English), flores ka'dena (English, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands), dilngau (English, Palau), queen's jewels (English)
Synonym
Corculum leptopum , (Hook. & Arn.) Stuntz
Antigonon�platypus ,�Hook. & Arn.
Corculum�leptopus ,�(Hook. & Arn.) Stuntz
Antigonon cinerascens , M.Martens & Galeotti
Antigonon cordatum ,�M.Martens & Galeotti
Similar species
Summary
Antigonon leptopus is a smothering vine that invades disturbed areas and forest edges. It produces many seeds, which are spread by water currents and animals that consume the fruit. It has become invasive in some Pacific Islands, and is naturalised in many other parts of the Pacific.
Species Description
Antigonon leptopus is a \"Robust vine growing to 10m long or more; petioles 0.6-1.5cm long; leaf blades 2.5-7.5 (10)cm long, cordate-ovate, hastate-ovate, or triangular, prominent reticulately veined, acutish to acuminate (and often apiculate), the lower ones much larger; inflorescence paniculate, the branches bearing flowers in clusters along the rachis, the rachis tip tendrillate; flowers bright pink or white, enlarging 1-4 (5)cm long; achenes conical, sharply 3-angled above, calyx 6mm long, much exceeded by the veiny, persistent, enlarged perianth.\" (Welsh, 1998, in PIER, 2009)
Notes
Extensively invading disturbed areas and forest edges on the northern half of Guam; much less so on Saipan, Tinian and Yap. Although only a few cultivated plants were noted on Pohnpei, it is apparently not a recent introduction, as it was noted in cultivation by Glassman (1952, in PIER, 2009). Invasive in the Virgin Islands (Fred Kraus, communication to Aliens Listserver, in PIER, 2009). Often escapes cultivation, (PIER, 2009).
Uses
Ornamental
Habitat Description
Prefers dry to moist lowland areas and limestone (basic) soils (PIER, 2009).
Reproduction
Prolific seed producer. Seeds float on water, which helps transport them to new locations. Fruits and seeds are eaten and spread by domestic and wild animals such as birds and pigs, (PIER, 2009).
Pathway
(Plantseed.com, no date). Internet sales/postal services

Principal source: Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk, (PIER) Antigonon leptopus Hook. & Arn.,

Compiler: IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) with support from the Overseas Territories Environmental Programme (OTEP) project XOT603, a joint project with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment

Review:

Publication date: 2010-09-28

Recommended citation: Global Invasive Species Database (2016) Species profile: Antigonon leptopus. Downloaded from http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=203 on 10-12-2016.

General Impacts
Antigonon leptopus is a smothering vine that invades disturbed areas and forest edges, (PIER, 2009).
Management Info
Preventative measures: A Risk Assessment of Antigonon leptopus for Hawai‘i and other Pacific islands was prepared by Dr. Curtis Daehler (UH Botany) with funding from the Kaulunani Urban Forestry Program and US Forest Service. The alien plant screening system is derived from Pheloung et al. (1999) with minor modifications for use in Pacific islands (Daehler et al. 2004). The result is a score of 19 and a \r\r\nrecommendation of: \"Likely to cause significant ecological or economic harm in Hawai‘i and on other Pacific Islands as \r\r\ndetermined by a high WRA score, which is based on published sources describing species biology and behaviour in Hawai‘i and/or \r\r\nother parts of the world.\"

Physical: Cutting alone is ineffective. Underground tubers must be removed or plants will re-sprout (PIER, 2009).

Countries (or multi-country features) with distribution records for Antigonon leptopus
Informations on Antigonon leptopus has been recorded for the following locations. Click on the name for additional informations.
Lorem Ipsum
Location Status Invasiveness Occurrence Source
Details of Antigonon leptopus in information
Status
Invasiveness
Arrival date
Occurrence
Source
Introduction
Species notes for this location
Location note
Management notes for this location
Impact
Mechanism:
Outcome:
Ecosystem services:
Impact information
Antigonon leptopus is a smothering vine that invades disturbed areas and forest edges, (PIER, 2009).
Red List assessed species 0:
Management information
Preventative measures: A Risk Assessment of Antigonon leptopus for Hawai‘i and other Pacific islands was prepared by Dr. Curtis Daehler (UH Botany) with funding from the Kaulunani Urban Forestry Program and US Forest Service. The alien plant screening system is derived from Pheloung et al. (1999) with minor modifications for use in Pacific islands (Daehler et al. 2004). The result is a score of 19 and a \r\r\nrecommendation of: \"Likely to cause significant ecological or economic harm in Hawai‘i and on other Pacific Islands as \r\r\ndetermined by a high WRA score, which is based on published sources describing species biology and behaviour in Hawai‘i and/or \r\r\nother parts of the world.\"

Physical: Cutting alone is ineffective. Underground tubers must be removed or plants will re-sprout (PIER, 2009).

Locations
GUAM
VIRGIN ISLANDS, U.S.
Management Category
Control
Bibliography
13 references found for Antigonon leptopus

Managment information
Daehler, C.C; Denslow, J.S; Ansari, S and Huang-Chi, K., 2004. A Risk-Assessment System for Screening Out Invasive Pest Plants from Hawaii and Other Pacific Islands. Conservation Biology Volume 18 Issue 2 Page 360.
Summary: A study on the use of a screening system to assess proposed plant introductions to Hawaii or other Pacific Islands and to identify high-risk species used in horticulture and forestry which would greatly reduce future pest-plant problems and allow entry of most nonpests.
IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)., 2010. A Compilation of Information Sources for Conservation Managers.
Summary: This compilation of information sources can be sorted on keywords for example: Baits & Lures, Non Target Species, Eradication, Monitoring, Risk Assessment, Weeds, Herbicides etc. This compilation is at present in Excel format, this will be web-enabled as a searchable database shortly. This version of the database has been developed by the IUCN SSC ISSG as part of an Overseas Territories Environmental Programme funded project XOT603 in partnership with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment. The compilation is a work under progress, the ISSG will manage, maintain and enhance the database with current and newly published information, reports, journal articles etc.
PIER (Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk), 2009. Antigonon leptopus
Summary: Ecology, synonyms, common names, distributions (Pacific as well as global), management and impact information.
Available from: http://www.hear.org/pier/species/antigonon_leptopus.htm [Accessed 17 December 2009]
Varnham, K. 2006. Non-native species in UK Overseas Territories: a review. JNCC Report 372. Peterborough: United Kingdom.
Summary: This database compiles information on alien species from British Overseas Territories.
Available from: http://www.jncc.gov.uk/page-3660 [Accessed 10 November 2009]
General information
Barthelat, F. 2005. Note sur les esp�ces exotiques envahissantes � Mayotte. Direction de l�Agriculture et de la For�t. 30p
Summary: Tableau synth�tique des plantes exotiques de Mayotte class�es en fonction de leur niveau d envahissement.
Conservatoire Botanique National De Mascarin (BOULLET V. coord.) 2007. - Antigonon leptopus Index de la flore vasculaire de la R�union (Trach�ophytes) : statuts, menaces et protections. - Version 2007.1
Summary: Base de donn�es sur la flore de La R�union. De nombreuses informations tr�s utiles.
Available from: http://flore.cbnm.org/index2.php?page=taxon&num=f4be00279ee2e0a53eafdaa94a151e2c [Accessed 28 March 2009]
ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System), 2004. Online Database Antigonon leptopus
Summary: An online database that provides taxonomic information, common names, synonyms and geographical jurisdiction of a species. In addition links are provided to retrieve biological records and collection information from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Data Portal and bioscience articles from BioOne journals.
Available from: http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=20994 [Accessed December 31 2004]
Kueffer, C. & Lavergne, C. 2004. Case studies on the status of invasive woody plant species in the Western Indian Ocean. R�union. FAO. 36 p
Summary: Available from: http://www.fao.org/forestry/webview/media?mediaId=6842&langId=2 [Accessed 26 March 2008]
Vos, P. 2004. Case Studies on the Status of Invasive Woody Plant Species in the Western Indian Ocean. 2. The Comoros Archipelago (Union of the Comoros and Mayotte). FAO.
Summary: Article de synth�se sur les esp�ces ligneuses envahissantes dans l archipel des Comores et � Mayotte et les strat�gies de gestion d�velopp�es localement.
Available from: http://www.fao.org/forestry/webview/media?mediaId=6556&langId=2 [Accessed 20 March 2008]
Contact
The following 4 contacts offer information an advice on Antigonon leptopus
Barthelat,
Fabien
Organization:
Assistant Technique Union Internationale pour la Conservation de la Nature Initiative Cara�bes
Address:
C/O Parc National de Guadeloupe Habitation Beausoleil, Mont�ran 97120 Saint-Claude, Guadeloupe
Phone:
(+590) (0)590 80 86 00
Fax:
(+590) (0)590 80 05 46
Flower,
Jean-Marie
Geographic region: Caribbean
Ecosystem: Terrestrial
Organization:
Conservatoire Botanique des Petites Antilles - Antenne de Guadeloupe -
Address:
Directeur de l antenne Guadeloupe du Conservatoire Botanique. -Jardin Botanique- Circonvallation- 97 100 Basse-Terre
Phone:
0 590 99 06 21
Fax:
Lavergne,
Christophe
Geographic region: Indian Ocean
Ecosystem: Terrestrial
Organization:
Conservatoire Botanique National de Mascarin
Address:
2 rue du P�re Georges Domaine des Colima�ons 97436 SAINT LEU
Phone:
(33) 02 62 24 92 27
Fax:
Meyer,
Jean-Yves
Geographic region: Pacific, Indian Ocean
Ecosystem: Terrestrial
Expert in the botany of French Polynesia and the Pacific Islands, and has worked on ecology and biological control of Miconia calvescens in French Polynesia.
Organization:
D�l�gation � la Recherche
Address:
D�l�gation � la Recherche, Gouvernement de Polyn�sie fran�aise. B.P. 20981, 98713 Papeete, Tahiti, Polyn�sie fran�aise
Phone:
689 47 25 60
Fax: