Global invasive species database

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  • Adenanthera pavonina flowers (Photo: Dr Gerald Carr, University of Hawai i)
  • Close up of Adenanthera pavonina flower (Photo: Dr Gerald Carr, University of Hawai i)
  • Adenanthera pavonina berries and seeds (Photo: Dr Gerald Carr, University of Hawai i)
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Common name
peacock tree (English), kulalis (English, Guam), pitipitio (English, French Polynesia), vaivainivavalangi (English, Fiji), metekam (English, Kosrae), kulales (English, Guam), kolales (English, Guam), red sandalwood tree (English), telentundalel (English, Palau), la'aulopa (English, American Samoa), lopa (English, American Samoa), carolina (Portuguese, Brazil), olho-de-pavão (Portuguese, Brazil), segavé (Portuguese, Brazil), falso-sândalo (Portuguese, Brazil), peacock flower-fence (English), coral bean tree (English), red bead tree (English), false wili wili (English), bead tree (English), mwetkwem (English, Kosrae), bois de condori (French), kaikes (English, Pohnpei), paina (English, French Polynesia), culalis (English, Guam), vaivai (English, Fiji), lerendamu (English, Fiji), metkem (English, Kosrae), metkam (English, Kosrae), lera (English, Fiji), pomea (English, Fiji), colales (English, Guam), telengtúngd (English, Palau)
Synonym
Adenanthera polita , Miq
Adenanthera gersenii , Scheffer
Similar species
Summary
A medium-sized tree up to 15m high, Adenanthera pavonina is native to India and Malaysia. It has been planted extensively throughout the tropics as an ornamental and has become naturalised in many countries. It invades intact, undisturbed hardwood forests as well as disturbed sites and can quickly form large colonies.
Notes
Adenanthera pavonina is reported to be very invasive in American Samoa and widespread on Kosrae.
Uses
Cultivated as an ornamental; Adenanthera pavonina is used for food, medecine, furniture, and fuelwood. The bright-red seeds are used for ornaments and sometimes for food. In the Caribbean, the bright red seeds produced by this tree are known as \"jumbie\" beads. They are also called \"Circassian\" seeds. Also, a red dye obtained from the wood is used by Brahmins to mark religious symbols on their forehead.
Habitat Description
Adenanthera pavonina prefers neutral to slightly acidic soils but will grow on a variety of soils in moist and seasonally moist tropical climates. It is common throughout the lowland tropics up to 300-400 m. Optimal plant growth occurs in areas with precipitation ranging between 3000-5000mm.
Reproduction
Adenanthera pavonina reproduces by seed, trees produce large quantities of seed.
Pathway

Principal source: Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk, (PIER).

Compiler: IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)

Review:

Publication date: 2006-03-23

Recommended citation: Global Invasive Species Database (2016) Species profile: Adenanthera pavonina. Downloaded from http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=201 on 24-08-2016.

General Impacts
Adenanthera pavonina invades intact, undisturbed hardwood forests as well as disturbed sites and can quickly form large colonies.
Management Info
Preventative measures: A Risk Assessment of \rAdenanthera pavonina for Hawai‘i and other Pacific islands was prepared by Dr. Curtis Daehler (UH Botany) with funding from the Kaulunani Urban Forestry Program and US Forest Service. The alien plant screening system is derived from Pheloung et al. (1999) with minor modifications for use in Pacific islands (Daehler et al. 2004). The result is a score of 7 and a recommendation of: \"Likely to cause significant ecological or economic harm in Hawai‘i and on other Pacific Islands as \rdetermined by a high WRA score, which is based on published sources describing species biology and behaviour in Hawai‘i and/or \rther parts of the world.\"
Countries (or multi-country features) with distribution records for Adenanthera pavonina
Informations on Adenanthera pavonina has been recorded for the following locations. Click on the name for additional informations.
Lorem Ipsum
Location Status Invasiveness Occurrence Source
Details of Adenanthera pavonina in information
Status
Invasiveness
Arrival date
Occurrence
Source
Introduction
Species notes for this location
Location note
Management notes for this location
Impact
Mechanism:
Outcome:
Ecosystem services:
Impact information
Adenanthera pavonina invades intact, undisturbed hardwood forests as well as disturbed sites and can quickly form large colonies.
Red List assessed species 0:
Locations
CAYMAN ISLANDS
SEYCHELLES
Mechanism
[2] Competition
Outcomes
[1] Environmental Ecosystem - Habitat
  • [1] Reduction in native biodiversity
Management information
Preventative measures: A Risk Assessment of \rAdenanthera pavonina for Hawai‘i and other Pacific islands was prepared by Dr. Curtis Daehler (UH Botany) with funding from the Kaulunani Urban Forestry Program and US Forest Service. The alien plant screening system is derived from Pheloung et al. (1999) with minor modifications for use in Pacific islands (Daehler et al. 2004). The result is a score of 7 and a recommendation of: \"Likely to cause significant ecological or economic harm in Hawai‘i and on other Pacific Islands as \rdetermined by a high WRA score, which is based on published sources describing species biology and behaviour in Hawai‘i and/or \rther parts of the world.\"
Bibliography
13 references found for Adenanthera pavonina

Managment information
Daehler, C.C; Denslow, J.S; Ansari, S and Huang-Chi, K., 2004. A Risk-Assessment System for Screening Out Invasive Pest Plants from Hawaii and Other Pacific Islands. Conservation Biology Volume 18 Issue 2 Page 360.
Summary: A study on the use of a screening system to assess proposed plant introductions to Hawaii or other Pacific Islands and to identify high-risk species used in horticulture and forestry which would greatly reduce future pest-plant problems and allow entry of most nonpests.
Pacific Pest Info No. 51, August 2004. ISSN: 1728-5291. Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Plant Protection Service.
Summary: Available from: http://www.spc.int/pps/PestInfos/PestInfo51_Aug04.pdf [Accessed May 20 2005]
PIER (Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk), 2003. Adenanthera pavonina
Summary: Ecology, synonyms, common names, distributions (Pacific as well as global), management and impact information.
Available from: http://www.hear.org/pier/species/adenanthera_pavonina.htm [Accessed 23 October 2003]
The Landscape Manual, Miami- Dade County Department of Planning and Zoning, January 2001.
Summary: List of Prohibited species in Miami-Dade County.
Available from: http://miami-dade.ifas.ufl.edu/programs/urbanhort/publications/PDF/Miami-Dade-County-Invasive-Plants.pdf [Accessed February 2004].
Varnham, K. 2006. Non-native species in UK Overseas Territories: a review. JNCC Report 372. Peterborough: United Kingdom.
Summary: This database compiles information on alien species from British Overseas Territories.
Available from: http://www.jncc.gov.uk/page-3660 [Accessed 10 November 2009]
General information
Barthelat, F. 2005. Note sur les esp�ces exotiques envahissantes � Mayotte. Direction de l�Agriculture et de la For�t. 30p
Summary: Tableau synth�tique des plantes exotiques de Mayotte class�es en fonction de leur niveau d envahissement.
Centre des ressources biologiques. Plantes tropicales. INRA-CIRAD. 2007.
Summary: Available from: http://collections.antilles.inra.fr/ [Accessed 31 March 2008]
Conservatoire Botanique National De Mascarin (BOULLET V. coord.) 2007. - Adenanthera pavonina Index de la flore vasculaire de la R�union (Trach�ophytes) : statuts, menaces et protections. - Version 2007.1
Summary: Base de donn�es sur la flore de La R�union. De nombreuses informations tr�s utiles.
Available from: http://flore.cbnm.org/index2.php?page=taxon&num=a5e00132373a7031000fd987a3c9f87b [Accessed 28 March 2008]
ILDIS, 2001. Adenanthera pavonina L. ILDIS Legumes of the World.
Summary: Taxonomic information, plus distribution and common names.
Available from: http://www.ildis.org/LegumeWeb/6.00/ [Accessed 24 October 2003].
ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System), 2004. Online Database Adenenthera pavonina
Summary: An online database that provides taxonomic information, common names, synonyms and geographical jurisdiction of a species. In addition links are provided to retrieve biological records and collection information from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Data Portal and bioscience articles from BioOne journals.
Available from: http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=26447 [Accessed December 31 2004]
Lorenzi, H., Souza, H. M., Torres, M. A. V., Bacher, L. B. �rvores ex�ticas no Brasil: madeireiras, ornamentais e arom�ticas. Nova Odessa, S�o Paulo, Brazil:A10 Instituto Plantarum, 2003.
Van-C. Adkins, Richard. 1993. A quick guide to useful nitrogen fixing trees from around the world. NFTA 96-01.
Summary: A good report on the biology and various other characteristics of Adenanthera pavonina.
Available from: http://www.winrock.org/forestry/factpub/FACTSH/a_pavonina.html [Accessed 23 October 2003].
Contact
The following 3 contacts offer information an advice on Adenanthera pavonina
Barthelat,
Fabien
Organization:
Assistant Technique Union Internationale pour la Conservation de la Nature Initiative Cara�bes
Address:
C/O Parc National de Guadeloupe Habitation Beausoleil, Mont�ran 97120 Saint-Claude, Guadeloupe
Phone:
(+590) (0)590 80 86 00
Fax:
(+590) (0)590 80 05 46
Meyer,
Jean-Yves
Geographic region: Pacific, Indian Ocean
Ecosystem: Terrestrial
Expert in the botany of French Polynesia and the Pacific Islands, and has worked on ecology and biological control of Miconia calvescens in French Polynesia.
Organization:
D�l�gation � la Recherche
Address:
D�l�gation � la Recherche, Gouvernement de Polyn�sie fran�aise. B.P. 20981, 98713 Papeete, Tahiti, Polyn�sie fran�aise
Phone:
689 47 25 60
Fax:
Triolo,
Julien
Geographic region: Indian Ocean
Ecosystem: Terrestrial
Organization:
Office National des For�ts
Address:
ONF. Domaine Forestier de la Providence, 97488 Saint Denis cedex
Phone:
692345283
Fax: