Global invasive species database

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Common name
Warwick lizard (English), Antiguan anole (English), panther anole (English), Barbuda Bank tree anole (English)
Synonym
Anolis leachii , Boulenger, 1885
Anolis bimaculatus leachi , Lazell, 1972
Anolis leachi , Burnell & Hedges, 1990
Anolis leachi , Powell & Henderson, 2001
Similar species
Summary
The Barbuda Bank tree anole, Anolis leachii was accidently introduced to Bermuda along with the Barbados anole (A. extremus) probably in the early 1940's. In Bermuda, A. leachii successfully competes with the longer established and also introduced Graham's anole (Norops grahami), altering its microhabitat distribution. Introduced anole lizards including A. leachii (but mainly N. grahami) on Bermuda were shown to predate heavily on beetle species introduced for the biological control of introduced scale insects.
Species Description
Anolis leachii is a large anole with a mean snout to vent length of 102 mm for males (Losos, 1996).
Notes
Anolis leachii is one of three introduced anole species present on Bermuda, along with Graham's anole (see Norops grahami) and the Barbados anole (see A. extremus) (Wingate, 1965). The effects of these lizards, particularly N. grahami led to the introduction of the great kiskadee (see Pitangus sulphuratus) as a biocontrol agent in 1957. However, this biocontrol attempt was a failure, with P. sulphuratus playing a significant role in the population declines of native insect, bird and reptile species on Bermuda (Cheesman & Clubbe, 2007; Davenport et al., 2008).
Nutrition
The diet of Anolis leachii is similar and widely overlaping with that of Norops grahami (Wingate, 1965). Simmonds (1958) found the following insects in order of abundance from a stomach content analysis of 57 individuals: Hymenoptera, mainly Iridomyrmex; Diptera, various species, particularly Hippelates; Coleoptera, various species particularly Lindorus (Coccinalledae); Lepidoptera, various species, adults and larvae; Orthoptera, Periplaneta (Blattidae). Insects of the orders Coleoptera, Diptera, and Hymenoptera were nearly all of species larger than taken by N. grahami and the proportion of cockroaches eaten was much larger (Simmonds, 1958).
Pathway
Most likely capable of dispersal as a stowaway on cargo ships (Wingate, 1965).

Principal source:

Compiler: IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) with support from the Overseas Territories Environmental Programme (OTEP) project XOT603, a joint project with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment

Review:

Publication date: 2010-06-29

Recommended citation: Global Invasive Species Database (2018) Species profile: Anolis leachii. Downloaded from http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=1677 on 23-01-2018.

General Impacts
Anolis leachii affects the microhabitat distribution of the also introduced Norops grahami on Bermuda through competition, forcing N. grahamii to use lower (Schoener, 1975) or peripheral (Losos, 1996) perches. Both species, but especially N. grahami were shown to predate heavily on beneficial insect species such as the Coccinellidids Cryptolaemus montrouzieri and Chilocorus cacti introduced to control scale insects such as the long-tailed mealybug Pseudococcus adonidum (Simmonds, 1958).
Countries (or multi-country features) with distribution records for Anolis leachii
ALIEN RANGE
NATIVE RANGE
  • antigua and barbuda
Informations on Anolis leachii has been recorded for the following locations. Click on the name for additional informations.
Lorem Ipsum
Location Status Invasiveness Occurrence Source
Details of Anolis leachii in information
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Impact information
Anolis leachii affects the microhabitat distribution of the also introduced Norops grahami on Bermuda through competition, forcing N. grahamii to use lower (Schoener, 1975) or peripheral (Losos, 1996) perches. Both species, but especially N. grahami were shown to predate heavily on beneficial insect species such as the Coccinellidids Cryptolaemus montrouzieri and Chilocorus cacti introduced to control scale insects such as the long-tailed mealybug Pseudococcus adonidum (Simmonds, 1958).
Red List assessed species 0:
Management information
Bibliography
11 references found for Anolis leachii

Managment information
IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)., 2010. A Compilation of Information Sources for Conservation Managers.
Summary: This compilation of information sources can be sorted on keywords for example: Baits & Lures, Non Target Species, Eradication, Monitoring, Risk Assessment, Weeds, Herbicides etc. This compilation is at present in Excel format, this will be web-enabled as a searchable database shortly. This version of the database has been developed by the IUCN SSC ISSG as part of an Overseas Territories Environmental Programme funded project XOT603 in partnership with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment. The compilation is a work under progress, the ISSG will manage, maintain and enhance the database with current and newly published information, reports, journal articles etc.
General information
Bacon, Jamie P., Jennifer A. Gray; Lisa Kitson, 2006. Status and conservation of the reptiles and amphibians of the Bermuda islands. Applied Herpetology. 3: 323-344
Bennett, Fred B. & I. W. Hughes, 1959. Biological Control of Insect Pests in Bermuda. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, 1959
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), 2010. Species: Anolis leachii Burnell & Hedges 1990
Summary: Available from: http://us.mirror.gbif.org/species/13507091 [Accessed 22 June 2010]
Losos, Jonathan B., 1996. Dynamics of Range Expansion by Three Introduced Species of Anolis Lizards on Bermuda. Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 30, No. 2 (Jun., 1996), pp. 204-210
Macedonia, Joseph M. and David L. Clark, 2003. Headbob Display Structure in the Naturalized Anolis Lizards of Bermuda: Sex, Context, and Population Effects. Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 37, No. 2, pp. 266�276, 2003
Reptiles Database, 2010. Anolis leachii Dumeril & Bibron, 1837
Summary: Available from: http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species.php?genus=Anolis&species=leachii [Accessed September 8 2010]
Schoener T. W., 1975. Presence and absence of habitat shift in some widespread lizard species. Ecol Mon 45:233-258
Strong, D., B. Leatherman, and B.H. Brattstrom. 1993. Two new methods for catching small fast lizards. Herpetological Review 24:22�23.
Wingate, David B., 1965. Terrestrial Herpetofauna of Bermuda. Herpetologica, Vol. 21, No. 3 (Sep. 24, 1965), pp. 202-218
Contact
The following 0 contacts offer information an advice on Anolis leachii