Prunus campanulata is a small, deciduous tree that grows up to 10m high. It has characteristic deep red, bell shaped clusters of flowers (up to 2.2cm diameter), which appear in late winter to early spring. Flowers often appear on the bare branches before the leave emerge. Leaves are serrated, typically cherry-like and are up to 4-7cm long and 2-3.5cm wide. These are a bright green colour when they emerge in spring, changing to dark green in summer and finally turning bronze during autumn. The fruit of P. campanulata is small (10 x 6mm), shiny and scarlet and are very popular with birds. (Crawford 1997; Environment Waikato 2010; Fleming's Nurseries undated; Harris & Skilton 2007; HEAR 2005; Hosking et al. 2007; TERRAIN 2010; Flora of China, Undated).
Prunus campanulata is native to China (temperate), Taiwan (temperate) and Vietnam (tropical), so consequently does well in milder conditions. It is hardy to -12°C. Like most cherry trees, P. campanulata prefers fertile, light, well-drained soil and full sun or part-shade. (Crawford 1997; USDA, ARS 2010).
Prunus campanulata is one of the earliest of the cherry trees to flower, with flowers beginning in early spring or as early as late winter. P. campanulata is insect-pollinated and is able to flower and seed within 1-2 years. Seeds exhibit physiological and morphological dormancy, which must be broken by exposure to both warm and cold conditions before germination. (Crawford 1997; DOC 2007; Lee et al. 2006; Lincoln University undated).
Compiler: IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) with support from the Auckland Regional Council (ARC)
Review: Dr. Uwe Starfinger, Julius Kuehn Institute, Braunschweig, Germany.
Publication date: 2011-01-19
Recommended citation: Global Invasive Species Database (2020) Species profile: Prunus campanulata. Downloaded from http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=1666 on 12-08-2020.