Global invasive species database

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  • Prunus campanulata (Photo: Sakurai Midori, Wikimedia Commons)
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Common name
Taiwan cherry (English), Glocken-Kirsche (German), tui tree (English, New Zealand), Formosan cherry (English), bell-flowered cherry (English), Taiwan-Kirsche (English, Taiwan), bell-flower cherry (English)
Synonym
Cerasus campanulata , (Maxim.) A. N. Vassiljeva
Prunus cerasoides , var. campanulata (Maxim.) Koidz.
Similar species
Summary
Prunus campanulata is a flowering cherry that is native to China, Taiwan and Vietnam. It is a popular ornamental tree for both private gardens and public areas. One of the earliest of the flowering cherries, P. campanulata flowers in early spring. Inflorescences are attractive, deep red and bell-shaped. Like most cherry trees, it prefers to grow in part-shade or sun, and prefers rich, well-drained soil. However, P. campanulata has become a pest plant in some areas of New Zealand, most notably Northland and Taranaki.
Species Description
Prunus campanulata is a small, deciduous tree that grows up to 10m high. It has characteristic deep red, bell shaped clusters of flowers (up to 2.2cm diameter), which appear in late winter to early spring. Flowers often appear on the bare branches before the leave emerge. Leaves are serrated, typically cherry-like and are up to 4-7cm long and 2-3.5cm wide. These are a bright green colour when they emerge in spring, changing to dark green in summer and finally turning bronze during autumn. The fruit of P. campanulata is small (10 x 6mm), shiny and scarlet and are very popular with birds. (Crawford 1997; Environment Waikato 2010; Fleming's Nurseries undated; Harris & Skilton 2007; HEAR 2005; Hosking et al. 2007; TERRAIN 2010; Flora of China, Undated).
Uses
Prunus campanulata is a popular ornamental tree for both private gardens and public areas.
Habitat Description
Prunus campanulata is native to China (temperate), Taiwan (temperate) and Vietnam (tropical), so consequently does well in milder conditions. It is hardy to -12°C. Like most cherry trees, P. campanulata prefers fertile, light, well-drained soil and full sun or part-shade. (Crawford 1997; USDA, ARS 2010).
Reproduction
Prunus campanulata is one of the earliest of the cherry trees to flower, with flowers beginning in early spring or as early as late winter. P. campanulata is insect-pollinated and is able to flower and seed within 1-2 years. Seeds exhibit physiological and morphological dormancy, which must be broken by exposure to both warm and cold conditions before germination. (Crawford 1997; DOC 2007; Lee et al. 2006; Lincoln University undated).
Pathway
Seeds for sale on classified/auction websites, e.g. TradeMe.co.nz (TradeMe 2010)

Principal source:

Compiler: IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) with support from the Auckland Regional Council (ARC)

Review: Dr. Uwe Starfinger, Julius Kuehn Institute, Braunschweig, Germany.

Publication date: 2011-01-19

Recommended citation: Global Invasive Species Database (2019) Species profile: Prunus campanulata. Downloaded from http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=1666 on 17-07-2019.

General Impacts
In New Zealand, Prunus campanulata is reported as invading the understory of relatively intact indigenous forests. It also competes with regenerating native species in native forests. (ARPS 2007-2012; Owen 1997, in Wiser & Allen 2006).
Management Info
Management techniques generally recommended for control of P. campanulata include physical and chemical methods. Mature trees should be removed by felling, while seedlings can be dug out. Stumps should then be treated with herbicide. Follow up measures are important, to target any subsequent sprouting or seedlings. (ARC 2007; Harris & Skilton 2007).
Countries (or multi-country features) with distribution records for Prunus campanulata
ALIEN RANGE
NATIVE RANGE
  • china
  • taiwan
  • viet nam
Informations on Prunus campanulata has been recorded for the following locations. Click on the name for additional informations.
Lorem Ipsum
Location Status Invasiveness Occurrence Source
Details of Prunus campanulata in information
Status
Invasiveness
Arrival date
Occurrence
Source
Introduction
Species notes for this location
Location note
Management notes for this location
Impact
Mechanism:
Outcome:
Ecosystem services:
Impact information
In New Zealand, Prunus campanulata is reported as invading the understory of relatively intact indigenous forests. It also competes with regenerating native species in native forests. (ARPS 2007-2012; Owen 1997, in Wiser & Allen 2006).
Red List assessed species 0:
Locations
Mechanism
[2] Competition
Outcomes
[2] Environmental Ecosystem - Habitat
  • [2] Reduction in native biodiversity
Management information
Management techniques generally recommended for control of P. campanulata include physical and chemical methods. Mature trees should be removed by felling, while seedlings can be dug out. Stumps should then be treated with herbicide. Follow up measures are important, to target any subsequent sprouting or seedlings. (ARC 2007; Harris & Skilton 2007).
Bibliography
36 references found for Prunus campanulata

Managment information
Department of Conservation (DOC) 2007. Kerikeri Basin Weedbusters stage a Taiwan Cherry control day.
Summary: Available from: http://www.doc.govt.nz/about-doc/news/media-releases/2007/kerikeri-basin-weedbusters-stage-a-taiwan-cherry-control-day/ [Accessed July 15 2010]
Department of Conservation (DOC), New Zealand, undated. Taiwan Cherry assault in Kerikeri.
Summary: Available from: http://www.doc.govt.nz/about-doc/news/media-releases/2008/taiwan-cherry-assault/ [Accessed July 15 2010]
Environment Waikato 2010. Taiwan cherry (Prunus campanulata) and Rum cherry (P. serotina).
Summary: Available from: http://www.ew.govt.nz/Policy-and-plans/Regional-Pest-Management-Strategy/Regional-Pest-Management-Strategy-2008-2013/Part-2/5-Pest-plants/53-Containment-occupier-control-pest-plants/5318-Taiwan-cherry-Prunus-campanulata-and-Rum-cherry-P-serotina/ [Accessed July 15 2010]
Harris S., Skilton D. 2007. Cost benefit analysis of selected pest organisms. A report prepared for Environment Waikato.
Summary: Available from: http://www.ew.govt.nz/PageFiles/12275/S72FinalReport19June07.PDF [Accessed July 15 2010]
Horizons Regional Council (HRC) 2007. Regional Pest Plant Management Strategy.
Summary: Available from: http://www.horizons.govt.nz/assets/publications/managing-our-environment/publications-plans-and-strategies/OPERATIVE-RPPMS-September-2007.pdf [Accessed July 15 2010]
Northland Regional Council (NRC) 2010. Northland Regional Pest Management Strategies.
Summary: Available from: http://www.nrc.govt.nz/upload/7414/Agenda%20Item%209%20-%20Attachment%201_RPS.pdf [Accessed July 15 2010]
Northland Regional Council (NRC) undated. Community Pest Control Areas.
Summary: Available from: http://www.nrc.govt.nz/upload/1814/Community%20Pest%20Control%20Areas.pdf [Accessed July 15 2010]
Waitakere City Council (WCC) 2010. Invasive or environmental weeds of Waitakere.
Summary: Available from: http://www.waitakere.govt.nz/cnlser/pw/plantweed/pdf/weedlist-env-inv.pdf [Accessed July 15 2010]
Weedbusters 2007a. Plant Me Instead! Waikato.
Summary: Available from: http://weedbusters.co.nz/downloads/PlantMeInstead/Plant%20me%20instead%20Waikato.pdf [Accessed July 15 2010]
Weedbusters 2007b. Plant Me Instead! West Coast - Nelson - Marlborough.
Summary: Available from: http://www.marlborough.govt.nz/Environment/Biosecurity/~/media/Files/MDC/Home/Environment/Biosecurity/Plant%20Me%20Instead/PlantMeInstead.ashx [Accessed July 15 2010]
Weedbusters 2009. Plant Me Instead! Bay of Plenty.
Summary: Available from: http://weedbusters.co.nz/downloads/PlantMeInstead/Plant%20me%20instead%20bop.pdf [Accessed July 15 2010]
Whangarei District Council (WDC) 2009. Pukenui Forest � Ngahere o Pukenui Management Plan.
Summary: Available from: http://www.wdc.govt.nz/resources/13253/Pukenui-o-Ngahere-Management-Plan-2009.pdf [Accessed July 15 2010]
General information
Boffa Miskell Ltd 2001. Queen Elizabeth Park Coastal Dunes Management.
Summary: Available from: http://www.gw.govt.nz/assets/council-publications/Regional%20Parks_20020215_160951.pdf [Accessed July 15 2010]
Butler J.D. undated. Citizen�s Guide To Protecting Wilmington�s Waterways.
Summary: Available from: http://www.wilmingtonnc.gov/home/search_results/command/core_download/entryid/6109.aspx [Accessed July 15 2010]
Catalogue of Life 2010. Prunus campanulata Maxim. Catalogue of Life: 2010 Annual Checklist.
Summary: Available from: http://www.catalogueoflife.org/annual-checklist/2010/details/species/id/7167271 [Accessed July 15 2010]
Crawford M. 1997. True cherries: description of species. In: Yearbook 21: West Australian Nut and Tree Crops Association. Pp 27-42.
Summary: Available from: http://wayback.archive-it.org/1941/20100524190246/http://www.wanatca.org.au/Q-Yearbook/Y21all.pdf [Accessed July 15 2010]
Fleming s Nurseries undated. Ornamental cultivar details: Prunus campanulata.
Summary: Available from: http://www.flemings.com.au/ornamental_details.asp?CULT_ID=CAMP [Accessed July 15 2010]
Forestry Commission Great Britain (Forestry Commission GB) undated. Condition survey of non-woodland amenity trees.
Summary: Available from: http://www.forestry.gov.uk/pdf/species-list.pdf/$FILE/species-list.pdf [Accessed July 15 2010]
Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW) 2007. Prunus campanulata (Rosaceae).
Summary: Available from: http://www.hear.org/gcw/species/prunus_campanulata/ [Accessed July 15 2010]
Google 2010. Prunus campanulata New Zealand nurseries - Google search.
Summary: Available from: http://www.google.co.nz/webhp?hl=en#hl=en&q=%22Prunus+campanulata%22+New+Zealand+nurseries&aq=f&aqi=&aql=&oq=&gs_rfai=&fp=b360a9373c9e0f9 [Accessed July 15 2010]
Greensboro Planning Department (GPD) 2008. Tree preservation and landscape manual.
Summary: Available from: http://www.greensboro-nc.gov/NR/rdonlyres/C5E9D62D-F12E-4295-9849 51469FBCF936/0/TreePreservationandLandscapeManualV3.pdf [Accessed July 15 2010]
Hayward City Council undated. What trees can I plant under overhead power lines? Hayward City Council Development Services
Summary: Available from: http://www.hayward-ca.gov/departments/ced/documents/planning/Trees%20and%20overhead%20power%20lines.pdf [Accessed July 15 2010]
Lee C.S., Chien C.T., Lin C.H., Chiu Y.Y., Yang Y.S. 2006. Protein changes between dormant and dormancy broken seeds of Prunus campanulata Maxim. Proteomics 6: 4147�4154.
Meyer P.W., Lewandowski R. 1985. The Okame Cherry. The Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University. Arnoldia 45.
Summary: Available from: http://arnoldia.arboretum.harvard.edu/pdf/articles/1181.pdf [Accessed July 15 2010]
Pooler M.R. 2007. Dream Catcher and First Lady flowering cherry. HortScience 42: 174-175.
Summary: Available from: http://etmd.nal.usda.gov/bitstream/10113/17760/1/IND43891546.pdf [Accessed July 15 2010]
Rana J.C., Pradheep K., Verma V.D. 2007. Naturally occurring wild relatives of temperate fruits in Western Himalayan region of India: an analysis. Biodiversity and Conservation 16: 3963-3991.
Solid Energy undated. Stockton Plateau Species List.
Summary: Available from: http://www.wcrc.govt.nz/SolidEnergyStockton/Application/Appendicies/4%20Stockton%20Plateau%20Species%20List.pdf [Accessed July 15 2010]
Starr F., Starr K. 2010. Plants of Hawaii: Prunus campanulata (Taiwan cherry).
Summary: Available from: http://www.hear.org/starr/images/species/?q=prunus+campanulata&o=plants [Accessed July 15 2010]
Taranaki Educational Resource: Research, Analysis and Information Network (TERRAIN) 2010. Flowering cherry.
Summary: Available from: http://www.terrain.net.nz/friends-of-te-henui-group/photo-trees/flowering-cheery.html [Accessed July 15 2010]
TradeMe 2010. Flowering cherry deep pink tubular flowers seeds.
Summary: Available from: http://www.trademe.co.nz/Home-living/Outdoor-garden-conservatory/Seeds/Other/auction-305119261.htm [Accessed July 15 2010]
Contact
The following 1 contacts offer information an advice on Prunus campanulata
Starfinger,
Dr. Uwe
Organization:
Julius Kuehn Institute, Braunschweig, Germany
Address:

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