Global invasive species database

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Common name
Australian barnacle (English), New Zealand barnacle (English), Firepladet rur (Danish), Nieuw-Zeelandse zeepok (Dutch), Australseepocke (German), Sterretje (Dutch), Australische Seepocke (German), Kruisridderpok (Dutch)
Synonym
Austrominius modestus
Similar species
Summary
Elminius modestus has spread successfully throughout the Western Europe coastal areas, since its introduction to the southeast coast of the Uk most probably on the hull of ships from New Zealand and /or Australia between 1940 and 1943. There are several factors that aid Elminius success as an invader. Elminius larval stages are eurythermal and euryhaline, enabling them to survive in a wide range of habitat types. E. modestus is a highly fecund species and has a short generation time. It is highly tolerant of changes in tempertaure and salinity. E. modestus compete with native barnacle species for space. It has been observed that the successful range expansion of the barnacle could be facilitated by a changing climate with warmer seas and tempertaures.
Pathway
Crisp (1958) noted two types of dispersal natural or 'marginal' dispersal at an average of 20-30 kms per year and long distance or 'remote' dispersal on the hull of a boat or ship.

Principal source:

Compiler: IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) with support from the Overseas Territories Environmental Programme (OTEP) project XOT603, a joint project with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment

Review:

Publication date: 2010-06-08

Recommended citation: Global Invasive Species Database (2016) Species profile: Elminius modestus. Downloaded from http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=1631 on 24-09-2016.

General Impacts
Elminius modestus competes for space with the native barnacle Balanus balanoides along the coasts of Western Europe where it has spread widely (Crisp & Chipperfield 1948; Crisp 1958; Nehring, 2005; Barnes & Barnes 1960).

Witte et al (2010) report that Austrominius modestus (=Elminius modestus) which was first reported on the Island of Sylt (North Sea) in 1955 and remained rare, has overtaken native barnacles Semibalanus balanoides and Balanus crenatus in abundance when surveyed in the summer of 2007. The authors suggest that this exponential increase in population numbers could be due to mild winters and warm summers over a period.\n

Countries (or multi-country features) with distribution records for Elminius modestus
NATIVE RANGE
  • australia
  • new zealand
Informations on Elminius modestus has been recorded for the following locations. Click on the name for additional informations.
Lorem Ipsum
Location Status Invasiveness Occurrence Source
Details of Elminius modestus in information
Status
Invasiveness
Arrival date
Occurrence
Source
Introduction
Species notes for this location
Location note
Management notes for this location
Impact
Mechanism:
Outcome:
Ecosystem services:
Impact information
Elminius modestus competes for space with the native barnacle Balanus balanoides along the coasts of Western Europe where it has spread widely (Crisp & Chipperfield 1948; Crisp 1958; Nehring, 2005; Barnes & Barnes 1960).

Witte et al (2010) report that Austrominius modestus (=Elminius modestus) which was first reported on the Island of Sylt (North Sea) in 1955 and remained rare, has overtaken native barnacles Semibalanus balanoides and Balanus crenatus in abundance when surveyed in the summer of 2007. The authors suggest that this exponential increase in population numbers could be due to mild winters and warm summers over a period.\n

Red List assessed species 0:
Locations
GERMANY
UNITED KINGDOM
Mechanism
[2] Competition
Outcomes
[2] Environmental Ecosystem - Habitat
  • [2] Reduction in native biodiversity
Management information
Bibliography
22 references found for Elminius modestus

Managment information
IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)., 2010. A Compilation of Information Sources for Conservation Managers.
Summary: This compilation of information sources can be sorted on keywords for example: Baits & Lures, Non Target Species, Eradication, Monitoring, Risk Assessment, Weeds, Herbicides etc. This compilation is at present in Excel format, this will be web-enabled as a searchable database shortly. This version of the database has been developed by the IUCN SSC ISSG as part of an Overseas Territories Environmental Programme funded project XOT603 in partnership with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment. The compilation is a work under progress, the ISSG will manage, maintain and enhance the database with current and newly published information, reports, journal articles etc.
General information
Allen, Brendan M.; Power, Anne Marie; O Riordan, Ruth M.; Myers, Alan A.; McGrath, David, 2006. Increases in the abundance of the invasive barnacle Elminius modestus Darwin in Ireland. Biology & Environment. 106B(2). AUG 2006. 155-161.
Barnes, H. and Barnes, M. 1960. Recent spread and present distribution of the barnacle Elminius modestus Darwin in North-West Europe. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 135: 137�145. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7998.1960.tb05836.x
Barnes, H.B.; Barnes, M., 1968. Elminius modestus Darwin, a recent extension of the distribution and its present status on the southern part of the French Atlantic coast Cah. Biol. Mar. 9(3): 261-268
Bishop, M. W. H. and Crisp, D. J. 1958. The distribution of the barnacle Elminius modestus Darwin in France. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 131: 109�134. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.1958.tb00636.x
Crisp, D. J., 1958. The Spread of Elminius modestus Darwin In North-West Europe. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 37, pp 483-520 doi:10.1017/S0025315400023833
Crisp, D. J. & A. J. Sutherland, 1959. The further spread of Elminius modestus in the Britishe Isles to 1959. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. (1959) 38, 429-437
Crisp, D. J. & P. N. J. Chipperfield, 1948. Occurrence of Elminius modestus (Darwin) in British Waters. Nature 161, 64-64 (10 January 1948)
Delivering Invasive Alien Species Inventories for Europe (DAISIE), 2010. Elminius modestus
Summary: Available from: http://www.europe-aliens.org/speciesFactsheet.do?speciesId=50172# [Accessed 26 July 2010]
Harms, J., 1999. The neozoan Elminius modestus Darwin (Crustacea, Cirripedia): Possible explanations for its successful invasion in European water. Helgolfinder Meeresunters. 52, 337-345 (1999)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), 2010. Elminius modestus Darwin, 1854
Summary: Available from: http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=206264 [Accessed 26 July 2010]
Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC), 2010. Elminius modestus
Summary: Available from: http://www.jncc.gov.uk/page-1704 [Accessed 26 July 2010]
King, Pauline A.; Keogh, Elaine; McGrath, David, 1997. The current status of the exotic barnacle Elminius modestus Darwin in Galway Bay, Ireland. Irish Naturalists Journal. 25(10). 1997. 365-369.
Lawson, Jennifer; John Davenport; Alan Whitaker, 2004. Barnacle distribution in Lough Hyne Marine Nature Reserve: a new baseline and an account of invasion by the introduced Australasian species Elminius modestus Darwin. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 60 (2004) 729e735
Nehring, S., 2005. International shipping � a risk for aquatic biodiversity in Germany. In: Nentwig, W. (Ed.), Biological Invasions � From Ecology to Control. Neobiota 6, pp. 125�144.
Otani, M. , Oumi, T. , Uwai, S. , Hanyuda, T. , Prabowo, R. E. , Yamaguchi, T. and Kawai, H., 2007. Occurrence and diversity of barnacles on international ships visiting Osaka Bay, Japan, and the risk of their introduction , Biofouling, 23: 4, 277 � 286
Ruth M. O Riordan and Neil F. Ramsay, 1999. The current distribution and abundance of the Australasian barnacle Elminius modestus in Portugal. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 79, pp 937-939 doi:10.1017/S0025315498001118
Sandison, E. Eyvor, 1950. Appearance of Elminius modestus Darwin in South Africa. Nature No 4185 January 14 1950
The North European and Baltic Network on Invasive Alien Species (NOBANIS), 2010. Elminius modestus Darwin, 1854 � Australasian barnacle
Summary: Available from: http://www.nobanis.org/MarineIdkey/Barnacles/EliminiusModestus.htm [Accessed 26 July 2010]
Watson, Douglas I.; O Riordan, Ruth M.; Barnes, David K. A.; Cross, Tom, 2005. Temporal and spatial variability in the recruitment of barnacles and the local dominance of Elminius modestus Darwin in SW Ireland. Estuarine Coastal & Shelf Science. 63(1-2). APR 05. 119-131.
Witte, Sophia; Christian Buschbaum; Justus E. E. van Beusekom; Karsten Reise, 2010. Does climatic warming explain why an introduced barnacle finally takes over after a lag of more than 50 years?. Biol Invasions (2010) 12:3579�3589
World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) 2010. Elminius modestus Darwin, 1854.
Summary: Available from: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=106209 [Accessed 26 July 2010]
Contact
The following 0 contacts offer information an advice on Elminius modestus