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Common name
Little Cayman green anole (English), Maynard's anole (English)
Anolis maynardi , Schwartz & Henderson, 1991
Anolis maynardi , Nicholson et al., 2005).
Similar species
Little is known about the biology of Maynard's anole (Anolis maynardi). Most easily identified from its long, slender head, it has been introduced to Cayman Brac from Little Cayman, possibly through commodity transport routes; here it has the potential to compete with the endemic Cayman Brac brown anole, Norops sagrei luteosignifer.
Species Description
Anolis maynardi is a moderate sized anole, with a snout to vent length of 76 mm and a total length of 216 mm. It has a long pincer shaped snout, a pale green throat fan and prominent toe pads. Colouration is capable of changing through various shades of ochre and green to pale blue, gray and occasionally tan. There is a prominent light stripe that extends along the margin of the upper jaw to the insertion of the arm. The belly is pale green to gray. Generally, the body lacks any pattern, except when the lizard is excited or stressed where it can become an ochre colour and develop pale blue longitudinal lines that extend from the head onto the body.

Males are larger tan females with a throat-like fan, a more pronounced pncer-like snout and slightly larger post-anal scales. The long, narrowly constructed throat fan consists of pale yellowish-green skin with large green scales.

The long slender head is probably the most distinctive feature of A. maynardi and can make up as much as 40 % of the toatal snout to vent length.

Nothing is known about the biology of A. maynardi but the forceps-shaped snout suggests a unique feeding adaptation. (From Seidl & Franz, 1994)
Anolis maynardi belongs to the Anolis carolinensis subgroup, a clade of nine canopy dwelling species distributed across the northern Caribbean (Seidl & Franz, 1994; Glor et al., 2005). The results of genetic analysis suggest that all non-Cuban members of this group have originated from overwater dispersal and subsequent geographic isolation of Cuban source populations (Glor et al., 2005).
Anolis maynardi is thought to have been introduced to Cayman Brac through commodities shipped from Little Cayman (Seidl & Franz, 1994).

Principal source:

Compiler: IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) with support from the Overseas Territories Environmental Programme (OTEP) project XOT603, a joint project with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment


Publication date: 2010-06-08

Recommended citation: Global Invasive Species Database (2021) Species profile: Anolis maynardi. Downloaded from on 28-09-2021.

General Impacts
Anolis maynardi has the potential to compete with similar lizard species such as the Cayman Brac brown anole, Norops sagrei luteosignifer (Burton, pers. comm.; in Varnham, 2005).
Countries (or multi-country features) with distribution records for Anolis maynardi
  • cayman islands
Informations on Anolis maynardi has been recorded for the following locations. Click on the name for additional informations.
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Location Status Invasiveness Occurrence Source
Details of Anolis maynardi in information
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Impact information
Anolis maynardi has the potential to compete with similar lizard species such as the Cayman Brac brown anole, Norops sagrei luteosignifer (Burton, pers. comm.; in Varnham, 2005).
Red List assessed species 0:
Management information
7 references found for Anolis maynardi

Management information
IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)., 2010. A Compilation of Information Sources for Conservation Managers.
Summary: This compilation of information sources can be sorted on keywords for example: Baits & Lures, Non Target Species, Eradication, Monitoring, Risk Assessment, Weeds, Herbicides etc. This compilation is at present in Excel format, this will be web-enabled as a searchable database shortly. This version of the database has been developed by the IUCN SSC ISSG as part of an Overseas Territories Environmental Programme funded project XOT603 in partnership with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment. The compilation is a work under progress, the ISSG will manage, maintain and enhance the database with current and newly published information, reports, journal articles etc.
General information
Glor, Richard E.; Losos, Jonathan B.; Larson, Allan, 2005. Out of Cuba: overwater dispersal and speciation among lizards in the Anolis carolinensis subgroup. Molecular Ecology. 14(8). JUL 05. 2419-2432.
Losos, Jonathan B.; Jane C. Marks; Thomas W. Schoener, 1993. Habitat use and ecological interactions of an introduced and a native species of Anolis lizard on Grand Cayman, with a review of the outcomes of anole introductions. Oecologia (1993) 95:525-532
Reptiles Database, 2010. Anolis maynardi Garman, 1888
Summary: Available from: [Accessed September 8 2010]
Seidel, M.E. & Franz, R. 1994. Amphibians and reptiles (exclusive of marine turtles) of the Cayman Islands, In The Cayman Islands: Natural History and Biogeography (Eds. Brunt, M.A. & Davies, J.E.), Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands. Chapter 20 (pp. 407-433)
Strong, D., B. Leatherman, and B.H. Brattstrom. 1993. Two new methods for catching small fast lizards. Herpetological Review 24:22�23.
The following 0 contacts offer information an advice on Anolis maynardi
Anolis maynardi
Little Cayman green anole, Maynard's anole
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Recommended citation
(2021). Anolis maynardi. IUCN Environmental Impact Classification for Alien Taxa (EICAT).