Global invasive species database

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Common name
kaopu'i (Cook Islands), kaopui (Cook Islands), pink porcelain-lily (English), shell flower (English), teuila (Samoan), shell-ginger (English), light galangal (English), teuila (Tongan), Kopi 'enua (Cook Islands)
Synonym
Alpinia nutans , (L.) Roscoe
Alpinia speciosa , (Wendl.) K. Schum.
Catimbium speciosum , (Wendl.) Holttum
Languas speciosa , (Wendl.) Merr.
Zerumbet speciosum , J. C. Wendl.
Similar species
Summary
Alpinia zerumbet is a lush, coarse-textured, clumping evergreen planted for its heavy rosette of arching stems and green leaves arising from a large loose center. A. zerumbet forms dense thickets in suitable habitats, for example on stream banks and shady slopes. It produces as many as a 1000 seeds per square foot. Seeds have fleshy appendages and are bird dispersed; they may be carried by water when it grows near streams. It also reproduces by rhizome division.
Uses
Ornamental; used as a medicine
Habitat Description
Alpinia zerumbet is a succulent plant of typically wet environment. It occurs in the mist region on Green Mountain National Park, on Ascension Island from 660 to 850 m (Gray et al, 2005). Green Mountain is the highest point on Ascension at 859 metres (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 2010).
Reproduction
Alpinia zerumbet reproduces by rhizome division. It also produces seeds, as many as 1000 seeds per square foot (PIER, 2008)
Pathway
Ornamental

Principal source:

Compiler: IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) with support from the Overseas Territories Environmental Programme (OTEP) project XOT603, a joint project with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment

Review:

Publication date: 2010-06-08

Recommended citation: Global Invasive Species Database (2018) Species profile: Alpinia zerumbet. Downloaded from http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=1617 on 19-11-2018.

General Impacts
Alpinia zerumbet forms dense thickets in suitable habitats, for example on stream banks and shady slopes (PIER, 2008).
Management Info
Preventative measures: A Risk Assessment for Alpinia zerumbet prepared for Hawaii resulted in a high score of 10, with the recommendation to \"reject the plant for import (Australia) or species likely to be of high risk (Pacific)\" (PIER, 2008).
Countries (or multi-country features) with distribution records for Alpinia zerumbet
NATIVE RANGE
  • cambodia
  • china
  • india
  • japan
  • malaysia
  • myanmar
  • thailand
  • viet nam
Informations on Alpinia zerumbet has been recorded for the following locations. Click on the name for additional informations.
Lorem Ipsum
Location Status Invasiveness Occurrence Source
Details of Alpinia zerumbet in information
Status
Invasiveness
Arrival date
Occurrence
Source
Introduction
Species notes for this location
Location note
Management notes for this location
Impact
Mechanism:
Outcome:
Ecosystem services:
Impact information
Alpinia zerumbet forms dense thickets in suitable habitats, for example on stream banks and shady slopes (PIER, 2008).
Red List assessed species 5: CR = 3; VU = 1; NT = 1;
Locations
Mechanism
[1] Competition
Outcomes
[1] Environmental Ecosystem - Habitat
  • [1] Reduction in native biodiversity
Management information
Preventative measures: A Risk Assessment for Alpinia zerumbet prepared for Hawaii resulted in a high score of 10, with the recommendation to \"reject the plant for import (Australia) or species likely to be of high risk (Pacific)\" (PIER, 2008).
Bibliography
12 references found for Alpinia zerumbet

Managment information
IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)., 2010. A Compilation of Information Sources for Conservation Managers.
Summary: This compilation of information sources can be sorted on keywords for example: Baits & Lures, Non Target Species, Eradication, Monitoring, Risk Assessment, Weeds, Herbicides etc. This compilation is at present in Excel format, this will be web-enabled as a searchable database shortly. This version of the database has been developed by the IUCN SSC ISSG as part of an Overseas Territories Environmental Programme funded project XOT603 in partnership with the Cayman Islands Government - Department of Environment. The compilation is a work under progress, the ISSG will manage, maintain and enhance the database with current and newly published information, reports, journal articles etc.
O Connor, Rhon, 2008. Anguilla Invasive Species strategy (2008) draft
Summary: Available from: http://www.gov.ai/documents/Anguilla%20Invasive%20Species%20Strategy%202008%20(2).pdf [Accessed 3 April 2010]
General information
Foxcroft, Llewellyn C., David M. Richardson and John R. U. Wilson, 2007. Ornamental Plants as Invasive Aliens: Problems and Solutions in Kruger National Park, South Africa.
Gray, Alan; Tara Pelembe and Stedson Stroud, 2005. The conservation of the endemic vascular flora of Ascension Island and threats from alien species. Oryx (2005), 39 : 449-453 Cambridge University Press
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), 2010. Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) Burtt & R.M. Sm.
Summary: Available from: http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=182557 [Accessed 26 July 2010]
O Connor, Rhon, 2008. Anguilla Invasive Species strategy (2008)
Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER), 2008. Risk Assessment: Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) B.L.Burtt & R.M.Sm., Zingiberaceae
Summary: Available from: http://www.hear.org/pier/wra/pacific/alpinia_zerumbet_htmlwra.htm [Accessed 26 July 2010]
Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER), 2009. Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) B.L.Burtt & R.M.Sm., Zingiberaceae
Summary: Available from: http://www.hear.org/pier/species/alpinia_zerumbet.htm [Accessed 26 July 2010]
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 2010. Ascension
Summary: Available from: http://dps.plants.ox.ac.uk/bol/Ascension/Home/Index [Accessed 26 July 2010]
Contact
The following 0 contacts offer information an advice on Alpinia zerumbet