Global invasive species database

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Common name
 
Synonym
Similar species
Summary
Hypogastura viatica and H. purpurescens are both cosmopolitan invasive species and have been recognised on various sub-Antarctic islands where they have been reported to have displaced resident species from some habitats. H. viatica has been introduced to the Antarctic Peninsula and to a number of other sub-Antarctic Islands. Its presence on South Georgia and its dominance in some habitats highlight the importance of strict quarantine measures to avoid the introduction of further alien invertebrates.
Species Description
Black body, three clavate tenent hairs on all legs, all positioned in apical whorl of setae (Convey et al. 1999).
Habitat Description
Substrate type: Dry and wet vegetation, wallow algae. Abundant (near monoculture) under supralittoral debris and wallow algae, rare away from coast.
Pathway
Hypogastrura spp. could be carried to Heard Island in fresh vegetables, in particular on unwashed potatoes or mushrooms (especially fresh wild collected species). They may be present in soil on equipment, vehicles or clothing (particularly boots) or from under containers and pallets (Greenslade 2002).

Principal source:

Compiler: IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) with support from the EU-funded South Atlantic Invasive Species project, coordinated by the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB)

Review:

Publication date: 2009-04-27

Recommended citation: Global Invasive Species Database (2021) Species profile: Hypogastura viatica. Downloaded from http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=1457 on 25-09-2021.

General Impacts
Hypogastura viatica has already been introduced to the Antarctic Peninsula and to a number of other sub-Antarctic Islands where it often dominates upper marine littoral habitats. It is likely H. purpurescens will have a similar affect on native ecosystems and food-webs. As detrivores, Collembola (commonly known as springtails) may have a significant impact on decomposition processes (Greenslade 2002).

According to a Collembola species pest risk assessment for Heard Island (Greenslade 2002) the highest ranked pest species include members of the family Hypogastruridae, which are already recorded from South Georgia and the Antarctic Peninsula. Appropriate management strategies are proposed to reduce the risk of the high priority species being introduced to Heard Island.\n
Current records indicate that about twenty Collembola species have been already introduced to other subantarctic islands. Criteria in the pest assessment were partially selected from those currently used for pest risk and weed assessment in import risk analyses (Pheloung 2001, in Greenslade 2002). The five scored criteria were:ndistribution; life history; habitat; ecosystem synchrony; and dispersal ability. They relate respectively to: proximity potential; population potential; establishment potential; persistence potential; and spread. Scores given for H. purpurescens were 4, 3, 3, 1, 3, respectively with a total score of 14 and ranked third highest out of 20 candidate taxa scored. H. purpurescens is not currently present on Heard Island and strict quarantine principles are thought to be necessary to be adhered to in order to keep the species, and related species, off the island.

Countries (or multi-country features) with distribution records for Hypogastura viatica
Informations on Hypogastura viatica has been recorded for the following locations. Click on the name for additional informations.
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Location Status Invasiveness Occurrence Source
Details of Hypogastura viatica in information
Status
Invasiveness
Arrival date
Occurrence
Source
Introduction
Species notes for this location
Location note
Management notes for this location
Impact
Mechanism:
Outcome:
Ecosystem services:
Impact information
Hypogastura viatica has already been introduced to the Antarctic Peninsula and to a number of other sub-Antarctic Islands where it often dominates upper marine littoral habitats. It is likely H. purpurescens will have a similar affect on native ecosystems and food-webs. As detrivores, Collembola (commonly known as springtails) may have a significant impact on decomposition processes (Greenslade 2002).

According to a Collembola species pest risk assessment for Heard Island (Greenslade 2002) the highest ranked pest species include members of the family Hypogastruridae, which are already recorded from South Georgia and the Antarctic Peninsula. Appropriate management strategies are proposed to reduce the risk of the high priority species being introduced to Heard Island.\n
Current records indicate that about twenty Collembola species have been already introduced to other subantarctic islands. Criteria in the pest assessment were partially selected from those currently used for pest risk and weed assessment in import risk analyses (Pheloung 2001, in Greenslade 2002). The five scored criteria were:ndistribution; life history; habitat; ecosystem synchrony; and dispersal ability. They relate respectively to: proximity potential; population potential; establishment potential; persistence potential; and spread. Scores given for H. purpurescens were 4, 3, 3, 1, 3, respectively with a total score of 14 and ranked third highest out of 20 candidate taxa scored. H. purpurescens is not currently present on Heard Island and strict quarantine principles are thought to be necessary to be adhered to in order to keep the species, and related species, off the island.

Red List assessed species 0:
Management information
Locations
SOUTH GEORGIA AND THE SOUTH SANDWICH ISLANDS
Management Category
Unknown
Bibliography
9 references found for Hypogastura viatica

Management information
Downie, R. 2002. An Overview of the Flora and Fauna of Deception Island In: Valencia & Downie. Workshop on a Management Plan for Deception Island. Instituto Ant�rtico Chileno.
Greenslade, Penelope. 2002. Assessing the risk of exotic Collembola invading subantarctic islands: prioritising quarantine management. Pedobiologia 46, 338�344 (2002)
General information
Australian Antarctic Data Centre., 2004. Hypogastura viatica
Summary: Available from: http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/biodiversity/taxon_profile.cfm?taxon_id=102109 [Accessed 25 October 2009]
Convey, P., Greenslade, P., Arnold, R.J., Block, W. Collembola of sub-Antarctic South Georgia.. Polar Biol (1999) 22: 1�6
CSIRO. 2004. 3. Systematic Names Genus Level Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Collembola Order: Collembola Family: Hypogastruridae Hypogastura viatica (Tullberg)
Frenot, Y., Chown, S.L., Whinam, J., Selkirk, P., Convey, P., Skotnicki, M., & Bergstrom, D. 2005. Biological invasions in the Antarctic: extent, impacts and implications. Bio. Rev, 80, 45-72.
Summary: Article de synth�se sur les invasions biologiques (plantes, invert�br�s et vert�br�s) en antarctique.
Available from: http://www.anta.canterbury.ac.nz/resources/non-native%20species%20in%20the%20antarctic/Talk%202%20Frenot.pdf [Accessed 4 April 2008]
Gressitt, J. L. and N. A. Weber., 1959. Bibliographic Introduction to Antarctic/sub-Antarctic Entymology. Pacific Insects 1 (4): 441^180 December 25, 1959
Summary: Available from: http://hbs.bishopmuseum.org/fiji/pdf/gressitt-weber1959.pdf [Accessed 25 October 2009]
ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System), 2009. Online Database Hypogastura viatica (Tullberg, 1872)
Summary: An online database that provides taxonomic information, common names, synonyms and geographical jurisdiction of a species. In addition links are provided to retrieve biological records and collection information from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Data Portal and bioscience articles from BioOne journals.
Available from: http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=99993 [Accessed 25 October 2009]
Contact
The following 0 contacts offer information an advice on Hypogastura viatica
Hypogastura viatica
Date assessed
Year published
Eicat category
Justification for EICAT assessment
Confidence rating
Mechanism(s) of maximum impact
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Description of impacts
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Reviewers
Recommended citation
(2021). Hypogastura viatica. IUCN Environmental Impact Classification for Alien Taxa (EICAT).