Arthington, Angela H. and Bluhdorn, David R. 1995. Improved management of exotic aquatic fauna:R&D for Australian rivers. LWRRDC Occasional Paper No. 4/95.
Courtenay, Walter R. Jr & Jay R . Stauffer Jr., 1990.The Introduced Fish Problem and the Aquarium Fish Industry. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, Volume 21, Issue 3 (p 145-159)
Fuller, P.L., Nico, L.G. & Williams, J.D. 1999. Nonindigenous fishes introduced into inland waters of the United States. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 27. 613p.
Mendoza, R.E.; Cudmore, B.; Orr, R.; Balderas, S.C.; Courtenay, W.R.; Osorio, P.K.; Mandrak, N.; Torres, P.A.; Damian, M.A.; Gallardo, C.E.; Sanguines, A.G.; Greene, G.; Lee, D.; Orbe-Mendoza, A.; Martinez, C.R.; and Arana, O.S. 2009. Trinational Risk Assessment Guidelines for Aquatic Alien Invasive Species. Commission for Environmental Cooperation. 393, rue St-Jacques Ouest, Bureau 200, Montr�al (Qu�bec), Canada. ISBN 978-2-923358-48-1.Summary:
In 1993, Canada, Mexico and the United States signed the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC) as a side agreement to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The NAAEC established the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) to help the Parties ensure that improved economic efficiency occurred simultaneously with trinational environmental cooperation. The NAAEC highlighted biodiversity as a key area for trinational cooperation. In 2001, the CEC adopted a resolution (Council Resolution 01-03), which created the Biodiversity Conservation Working Group (BCWG), a working group of high-level policy makers from Canada, Mexico and the United States. In 2003, the BCWG produced the �Strategic Plan for North American Cooperation in the Conservation of Biodiversity.� This strategy identified responding to threats, such as invasive species, as a priority action area. In 2004, the BCWG, recognizing the importance of prevention in addressing invasive species, agreed to work together to develop the draft CEC Risk Assessment Guidelines for Aquatic Alien Invasive Species (hereafter referred to as the Guidelines). These Guidelines will serve as a tool to North American resource managers who are evaluating whether or not to introduce a non-native species into a new ecosystem. Through this collaborative process, the BCWG has begun to implement its strategy as well as address an important trade and environment issue. With increased trade comes an increase in the potential for economic growth as well as biological invasion, by working to minimize the potential adverse impacts from trade, the CEC Parties are working to maximize the gains from trade while minimizing the environmental costs.
Available from: English version: http://www.cec.org/Storage/62/5516_07-64-CEC%20invasives%20risk%20guidelines-full-report_en.pdf [Accessed 15 June 2010]
French version: http://www.cec.org/Storage/62/5517_07-64-CEC%20invasives%20risk%20guidelines-full-report_fr.pdf [Accessed 15 June 2010]
Spanish version: http://www.cec.org/Storage/62/5518_07-64-CEC%20invasives%20risk%20guidelines-full-report_es.pdf [Accessed 15 June 2010].
Shafland, P.L. 1995. Introduction and Establishment of a successful butterfly peacock fishery in southeast Florida canals. American Fisheries Society Symposium 15: 443-445.
Shafland, P.L. & Stanford, 1999. The introduced butterfly peacock (Cichla ocellaris) in Florida. IV. Socioeconomic analyses. Reviews in Fisheries Science 7(2):127-135.
Trexler, Joel C.; William F. Loftus, Frank Jordan, Jerome J. Lorenz, John H. Chick & Robert M. Kobza., 2000. Empirical assessment of fish introductions in a subtropical wetland: an evaluation of contrasting views. Biological Invasions 2: 265�277, 2000.
Anene, A. & Okorie, P.U. 2008. Some aspects of the reproductive biology of Tilapia mariae (Boulenger 1901) in a small lake in southeastern Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology 7(14): 2478-2482.
Annett, C.A., Pierotti, R. & Baylis, J.R. 1999. Male and female parental roles in the monogamous cichlid, Tilapia mariae, introduced in Florida. Environmental Biology of Fishes 54: 283�29.
Brooks, W.R. & Jordan, R.C. 2009. Enhanced interspecific territoriality and the invasion success of the spotted tilapia (Tilapia mariae) in South Florida. Biological Invasions, in press.
Cadwallader, P. L.; Backhouse, G. N.; Fallu R., 1980. Occurrence of Exotic Tropical Fish in the Cooling Pondage of a Power Station in Temperate Southeastern Australia. Australian Journal of Marine & Freshwater Research. 31(4). 1980. 541-546.
Canonico, Gabrielle C., Angela Arthington, Jeffrey K. McCrary, Michele L. Thieme., 2005. The effects of introduced tilapias on native biodiversity. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. Volume 15 Issue 5, Pages 463 - 483
Clark, M. R., 1981. Probable Establishment and Range Extension of the Spotted Tilapia Tilapia mariae Pisces Cichlidae in East Central Florida USA. Florida Scientist. 44(3). 1981. 168-171.
Summary: Absract: Juvenile T. mariae Boulenger were collected in southeastern Brevard County, Florida. A description of the area, probable methods of introduction and reasons for probable establishment are given.
Corfield, J., Diggles, B., Jubb, C., McDowall, R. M., Moore, A., Richards, A. and Rowe, D. K., 2008. Review of the impacts of introduced ornamental fish species that have established wild populations in Australia�. Prepared for the Australian Government Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts.Summary:
Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/publications/pubs/ornamental-fish-part1.pdf [Accessed 12 September 2008]
Courtenay, Walter R. Jr. and James E. Deacon., 1983. Fish Introductions in the American Southwest: A Case History of Rogers Spring, Nevada. The Southwestern Naturalist, Vol. 28, No. 2 (May 20, 1983), pp. 221-224
Summary: Abstract: Rogers Spring, Clark County, Nevada has been the recipient of at least 14 fish introductions since the 1950 s. These included one clupeid, two (and possibly three) cyprinids, one clariid, six poeciliids and three cichlids. The known history of this introduced ichthyofauna is reviewed. Tilapia mariae and Poecilia reticulata were discovered in Rogers Spring in 1980. Since this spring has served as a transfer point for introductions elsewhere in Nevada, a consideration of the potential environmental impress of such introductions is included.
Hogg, R. G., 1976. Established Exotic Cichlid Fishes in Dade County Florida. Florida Scientist. 39(2). 1976. 97-103.
Summary: Abstract: Eight species of exotic cichlid fish were present in Dade County [Florida, USA] in March 1975. Three species have expanded their known ranges in the county by 8-16 km between July 1972 and Oct. 1974; Cichlasoma meeki and Tilapia mariae are newly established cichlids in Florida s open waters and T. zillii, a voracious herbivore, was collected in a small enclosed lake. Other species present are Astronotus ocellatus, Cichlasoma octofasciatum, C. bimaculatum, Hemichromis bimaculatus and Sarotherodon mossambicus.
Mather, P. B. & A. H Arthington., 1991. An Assessment of Genetic Differentiation among Feral Australian Tilapia Populations. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res., 1991, 42, 721-8
Olden, Julian D., Mark J. Kennard and Bradley J. Pusey., 2008. Species invasions and the changing biogeography of Australian freshwater fishes. Global Ecology and Biogeography. Volume 17 Issue 1, Pages 25 - 37
Schwanck, E. 1987. Lunar periodicity in the spawning of Tilapia mariae in the Ethiop River, Nigeria. Journal of Fish Biology 30(5): 533-537.
Schwanck, E.J. 1989. Parental care of Tilapia mariae in the field and in aquaria. Environmental Biology of Fishes 24(4): 251-265.
Shafland, Paul L. & James M. Pestrak., 2005. Lower lethal temperatures for fourteen non-native fishes in Florida. Environmental Biology of Fishes, Volume 7, Number 2 / March, 1982
Shafland, P. L., 1976. The Continuing Problem of Non-Native Fishes in Florida. Fisheries Vol. 1, No. 6, November-December 1976, p 25.
Summary: Abstract: The number of reproducing populations of non-native fishes in Florida continues to increase, with 25 species and five hybrids verified. Added to those listed by Courtenay, et al. (1974) are: Hoplian malabaricus, Tilapia mariae, T. zillii, Cichlasoma trimaculatum, and Betta splendens. The establishment rate is indicative of south Florida s environmental instability, due primarily to physical alteration of water flow patterns and other forms of aquatic pollution. Introduction of the fish is due to the irresponsibility of a few tropical fish farmers, in some cases; however, T. zillii has been purposely introduced as an aquatic weed biocontrol agent. The South American tigerfish (H. malabaricus), reportedly a voracious piscivore, is potentially the most harmful of these exotic species; the infested area connects with a swamp and open marsh draining into the Little Manatee River. The location of the Tilapia mariae infestation in the Dade County canal system largely precludes renovation. The T. zillii population was located in a small borrow pit south of Miami, which, upon renovation, yielded seven exotic species in addition to T. zillii: T. mariae, T. mossambica, Hypostomus plecostomus, Corydoras sp., Danio malabaricus, Capoeta tetrazona, and Carassium auratus. A remnant population of Cichlasoma trimaculatum probably exists in the Tampa area following an attempted renovation; the species was found to be euryhaline, and had access to saltwater. The population of Siamese fighting fish (Betta splendens) is confined to a small area of Dade County in ditches where renovation is impractical. (Lynch-Wisconsin)
Shafland, P.L. 1996. Exotic fishes of Florida � 1994. Reviews in Fisheries Science 4(2): 101-122.
Shafland, P.L., Gestring, K.B. & Stanford, M.S. 2008. Florida�s exotic freshwater fishes 2007. Florida Scientist 71(3): 220-245.
Webb, Alan Charles., 2007. Status of non-native freshwater fishes in tropical northern Queensland, including establishment success, rates of spread, range and introduction pathways. Journal & Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales. 140(Part 3-4). 2007. 63-78.Summary:
Abstract: At least 20 non-native fishes have been reported from northern Queensland fresh waters, a 75% increase since 1994. Eleven of these species have established breeding populations and some are locally abundant and highly invasive, such as the tilapiine cichlids (Oreochromis mossambicus
and Tilapia mariae
) and the poeciliids (Gambusia holbrooki
and Poecilia reticulata
). Besides the continued introduction of non-native species, of great concern is the further spread of the tilapias, especially Oreochrornis mossambicus
and its hybrid form, and of another invasive, the three-spot gourami, Trichopterus trichogaster
. Initial introductions are most probably releases of unwanted aquarium fish directly into open waters, or indirectly from ornamental ponds by flood waters. While natural dispersal is occurring, most of the range expansion of the tilapiine cichlids, particularly into impoundments in flood-prone areas, has been as a, result of human translocation, and possibly the use of live bait by anglers.
Available from: http://nsw.royalsoc.org.au/journal/140_p3,4_webb.pdf [Accessed 12 September 2008]