Global invasive species database

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Common name
long-atalked rape (English), elongated mustard (English), stepinis bastutis (English, Lithuania)
Synonym
Brassica elongata , ssp. integrifolia (Boiss.) Breistr
Erucastrum armoracioides , (Czern. ex Turcz.) Cruchet
Brassica elongata , var. pinnatifida Smal'g.
Brassica subscaposa , Maire & Weiller
Similar species
Summary
Brassica elongata (elongated mustard) is a perennial herb that is native to Europe and Central Asia. Over most of its alien range, impacts of its presence are not yet known, but in a few areas Brassica elongata has competed with native flora for resources. Brassica elongata has the potential to spread over large areas, especially in disturbed habitats.
Species Description
Brassica elongata is a biennial to perennial plant with erect stems up to 1 metre tall. The basal leaves are pinnately lobed to shallowly toothed; the stem leaves are much reduced, and do not clasp the stem. The petals are 6-8.5mm long. The fruits are 1-4cm long, with a stalk-like base above the sepal scars and a seedless narrow beak. (Stace et al, undated).
Notes
The Euro+Med Plantbase Project (2006) lists five subspecies of B. elongata: B. elongata Ehrh. ssp. elongata, B. elongata ssp. imdrhasiana Qu├ęzel, B. elongata ssp. integrifolia (Boiss.) Breistr., B. elongata ssp. pinnatifida (Schmalh.) Greuter & Burdet, and B. elongata ssp. subscaposa (Maire & Weiller) Maire.
Uses
Brassica elongata is cultivated in Estonia (EME, undated) and is considered a potential gene source for improving quality in rape crops (ARS-GRIN, 2006).
Habitat Description
Young et al, in discussing the distribution of Brassica elongata along US Highway 50 near Eureka, Nevada, US says that \"the remarkable part of this distribution is the rugged topography and variety of plant communities it encompasses.\" The Eureka, Nevada distribution also includes areas of salt affected soil, highly variable annual precipitation, and considerable change in elevation. (Young et al, 2003)
Reproduction
On the Great Basin rangeland, in the US, Brassica elongata \"produces abundant seeds that germinate over a wide variety of constant and alternating temperatures.\" (Young et al, 2003). Germination of B. elongata seeds is, however, extremely limited at very cold seedbed temperatures. The ability to germinate at these temperatures is a competitive advantage for other exotic species on the Great Basin rangeland. (Young et al, 2003)

Principal source:

Compiler: National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) & IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)

Review:

Publication date: 2007-01-09

Recommended citation: Global Invasive Species Database (2021) Species profile: Brassica elongata. Downloaded from http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=1064 on 25-09-2021.

General Impacts
In Poland, Brassica elongata invades disturbed habitat and has competed with native vegetation for resources and displaced a few xerothermic plants (Mirek, undated).
Countries (or multi-country features) with distribution records for Brassica elongata
ALIEN RANGE
NATIVE RANGE
  • afghanistan
  • armenia
  • austria
  • azerbaijan
  • bulgaria
  • czech republic
  • georgia
  • hungary
  • iran, islamic republic of
  • morocco
  • romania
  • russian federation
  • serbia and montenegro
  • turkey
  • turkmenistan
  • ukraine
  • uzbekistan
Informations on Brassica elongata has been recorded for the following locations. Click on the name for additional informations.
Lorem Ipsum
Location Status Invasiveness Occurrence Source
Details of Brassica elongata in information
Status
Invasiveness
Arrival date
Occurrence
Source
Introduction
Species notes for this location
Location note
Management notes for this location
Impact
Mechanism:
Outcome:
Ecosystem services:
Impact information
In Poland, Brassica elongata invades disturbed habitat and has competed with native vegetation for resources and displaced a few xerothermic plants (Mirek, undated).
Red List assessed species 0:
Locations
POLAND
Mechanism
[1] Competition
Outcomes
[1] Environmental Ecosystem - Habitat
  • [1] Reduction in native biodiversity
Management information
Locations
UNITED STATES
Management Category
Prevention
Bibliography
10 references found for Brassica elongata

Management information
General information
Estonian Ministry of the Environment. Undated. Database of alien species in Estonia.
Summary: A small amount of information about the introduction of B. elongata to Estonia.
Available from: http://eelis.ic.envir.ee/voorliigid/eng/ [Accessed 3 December 2006]
ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System), 2006. Online Database Brassica elongata
Summary: An online database that provides taxonomic information, common names, synonyms and geographical jurisdiction of a species. In addition links are provided to retrieve biological records and collection information from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Data Portal and bioscience articles from BioOne journals.
Available from: http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=23056 [Accessed 3 December 2006]
Lithuanian National Invasive Species Database. Undated. Species Inventory.
Summary: A list of invasive species in Lithuania and the dates when they were first recorded in Lithuania.
Available from: http://www.ku.lt/lisd/species.html [Accessed 2 December 2006)
Stace, C., van der Meijden, R., and I. de Kort. Undated. Brassica elongata (Rape, Long-stalked). Interactive Flora of NW Europe.
Summary: Includes a description of plant characteristics.
Available from: http://ip30.eti.uva.nl/BIS/flora.php?selected=beschrijving&menuentry=soorten&id=2389 [Accessed 1 December 2006]
The Euro+Med Plantbase Project. 2006. Brassica elongata. Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlen.
Summary: Includes information on B. elongata subspecies.
Available from: http://ww2.bgbm.org/_EuroPlusMed/PTaxonDetail.asp?NameID=12934&PTRefFk=500000 [Accessed 4 December 2006]
USDA, ARS, 2006. National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. Brassica elongata National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
Summary: Includes information on native range and synonyms.
Available from: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?7645 [Accessed 2 Decemeber 2006]
USDA, NRCS. 2006. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
Summary: Includes United States distribution and information on invasiveness.
Available from: http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BREL2 [Accessed 1 December 2006]
Young, J.A., Clements, C.D., and R. Wilson. 2003. Brasssica elongata ssp. integrifolia seed germination. Journal of Range Management. 56(6)
Summary: Includes information about nativity and the introduction of B. elongata to the United States.
Contact
The following 0 contacts offer information an advice on Brassica elongata
Brassica elongata
long-atalked rape, elongated mustard, stepinis bastutis
Date assessed
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Justification for EICAT assessment
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Mechanism(s) of maximum impact
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Description of impacts
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Reviewers
Recommended citation
(2021). Brassica elongata. IUCN Environmental Impact Classification for Alien Taxa (EICAT).