Al-Jufaili, S., Al-Jabri, M., Al-Baluchi, A., Baldwin, R.M., Wilson, S.C., West, F. and Matthews, A.D. 1999. Human impacts on coral reefs in the Sultanate of Oman, Estuarine Coastal & Shelf Science. 49(SUPPL. A): 65-74.
Summary: An interesting report of the state of coral communities in Oman and the human and natural impacts contributing to their degradation.
Bell, P.R.F. 1992. Eutrophication and coral reefs some examples in the Great Barrier Reef lagoon, Water Research 26 (5): 553-568.
Summary: Algal growth and high nutrient levels are investigated in relation to the Great Barrier Reef (Australia).
Birkeland, C. 1982. Terrestrial Runoff As a Cause of Outbreaks of Acanthaster planci (Echinodermata: Asteroidea), Marine Biology 69: 175-185
Summary: This paper analyses the distinct possibility that historical outbreaks of A. planci can be linked to fluctuations in phytoplanktons, in particular because of heavy rain seasons in Micronesia and Polynesia.
Birkeland, C. and Lucus, J.S. 1990. Acanthaster planci: major management problems of coral reefs. Florida: CRC Press.
Summary: An online book available in limited form. Overview of global management strategies for the crown of thorns starfish.
Black, K.P. and Moran, P.J. 1991. Influence of hydrodynamics on the passive dispersal and initial recruitment of larvae of Acanthaster Planci Echinodermata Asteroidea on the Great Barrier Reef, Marine Ecology Progress Series 69 (1-2): 55-65.
Summary: Study which has implications for A. planci control, in particular for the development of early warning systems.
Brodie, J., Fabricius, K., De ath, G. and Okaji, K. 2005. Are increased nutrient inputs responsible for more outbreaks of crown-of-thorns starfish?, Marine Pollution Bulletin 51 (1-4): 266-278.
Summary: A study looking at evidence linking A. planci outbreaks with nutrient run-offs.
Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science (CEFAS)., 2008. Decision support tools-Identifying potentially invasive non-native marine and freshwater species: fish, invertebrates, amphibians.Summary:
The electronic tool kits made available on the Cefas page for free download are Crown Copyright (2007-2008). As such, these are freeware and may be freely distributed provided this notice is retained. No warranty, expressed or implied, is made and users should satisfy themselves as to the applicability of the results in any given circumstance. Toolkits available include 1) FISK- Freshwater Fish Invasiveness Scoring Kit (English and Spanish language version); 2) MFISK- Marine Fish Invasiveness Scoring Kit; 3) MI-ISK- Marine invertebrate Invasiveness Scoring Kit; 4) FI-ISK- Freshwater Invertebrate Invasiveness Scoring Kit and AmphISK- Amphibian Invasiveness Scoring Kit. These tool kits were developed by Cefas, with new VisualBasic and computational programming by Lorenzo Vilizzi, David Cooper, Andy South and Gordon H. Copp, based on VisualBasic code in the original Weed Risk Assessment (WRA) tool kit of P.C. Pheloung, P.A. Williams & S.R. Halloy (1999).
The decision support tools are available from: http://cefas.defra.gov.uk/our-science/ecosystems-and-biodiversity/non-native-species/decision-support-tools.aspx [Accessed 13 October 2011] The guidance document
is available from http://www.cefas.co.uk/media/118009/fisk_guide_v2.pdf [Accessed 13 January 2009].
Chess, J.R., Hobson, E.S. and Howard, D.F. 1997. Interactions between Acanthaster planci (Echinodermata, Asteroidea) and Scleractinian Corals at Kona, Hawai I, Pacific Science 51 (2): 121-133.
Summary: A study of feeding preferences of A. planci in an Hawaiian reef.
De ath, G. and Moran, P.J. 1998. Factors affecting the behaviour of crown-of-thorns starfish (Acanthaster planci L.) on the Great Barrier Reef: 1: Patterns of activity, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology 220 (1): 83-106.
Summary: Feeding behaviour and activity times of A. planci.
Done, T.J. 1988. Simulation of recovery of pre-disturbance size in populations of Porites spp. damaged by the of thorns starfish Acanthaster planci, Marine Biology 100: 51-61.
Summary: Estimation for recovery times for five reefs in the Great Barrier Reef are caculated using models.
Fraser, N., Crawford, B.R. and Kusen, J. 2000. Best practices guide for crown-of-thorns clean-ups. Proyek Pesisir Special Publication. Coastal Resources Center Coastal Management Report #2225. Coastal Resources Center, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, Rhode Island. 38 pages.
Summary: The authors present a best practices guide for the control of A. planci.
Harriott, V., Goggin, L. and Sweatman, H. 2003. Crown-of-thorns starfish on the Great Barrier Reef. Current state of knowledge. November 2003 (revised edition). CRC Reef Research Centre Ltd.
Summary: This paper provides a detailed overview on the current thinking of the causative factors behind A. planci outbreaks, as well as recommended control options.
Hill, J. and Wilkinson, C. 2004. Methods for Ecological Monitoring of Coral Reefs - A Resource for Managers.Townsville: Australian Institute of Marine Science.
Summary: A look at monitoring methods for managers of coral reefs.
Johnson, D.B., Moran, P.J. and Driml, S. 1990. Evaluation of a crown-of-thorns starfish Acanthaster planci control Program at Grub Reef Central Great Barrier Reef Australia, Coral Reefs 9 (3): 167-171.
Summary: Review of a control project carried out at Grub Reef (Great Barrier Reef, Australia).
Keesing, J.K., Wiedermeyer, W.L., Okaji, K., Halford, A.R., Hall, K.C. and Cartwright, C.M. 1996. Mortality rates of juvenile starfish Acanthaster planci and Nardoa spp. measured on the Great Barrier Reef, Australia and in Okinawa, Japan, Oceanologica Acta 19 (3-4): 441-448.
Summary: Study providing evidence of the importance of predation as a determinant of survival rates of small starfish.
Lassig, B. Controlling crown-of-thorns starfish. 1995. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority.
Summary: This paper provides comprehensive information on the management options for A. planci.
Ravindran, J., Raghukumar, C. and Raghukumar, S. 1999. Disease and stress-induced mortality of corals in Indian reefs and observations on bleaching of corals in the Andamans, Current Science (Bangalore) 76 (2): 233-237.
Summary: Report on the status of coral reefs in some locations in the Andamans (India).
Sano, M. 2000. Stability of reef fish assemblages: Responses to coral recovery after catastrophic predation by Acanthaster planci, Marine Ecology Progress Series 198: 121-130.
Summary: An interesting look at the recovery of reefs at Iriomote Island (Ryukyu Islands, Japan) - one of the places most affected by A. planci predation.
Seymour, R.M. and Bradbury, R.H.1999. Lengthening reef recovery times from crown-of-thorns outbreaks signal systemic degradation of the Great Barrier Reef, Marine Ecology Progress Series. 176 (0): 1-10.
Summary: Worrying study on the recovery time for reefs of the Great Barrier Reef (Australia), which uses mathematical models to predict recovery rates.
Sluka, R.D. and Miller, M.W. 1999. Status of crown-of-thorns starfish in Laamu Atoll, Republic of Maldives, Bulletin of Marine Science 65 (1): 253-258.
Summary: Results of a survey for the presence of A. planci in the Maldives.
Teruya, T., Suenaga, K. Koyama, T., Nakano, Y. and Uemura, D. 2001. Arachidonic acid and alpha-linolenic acid, feeding attractants for the crown-of-thorns sea star Acanthaster planci, from the sea urchin Toxopneustes pileolus, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology 266 (2): 123-134.
Summary: Details the discovery of chemical compounds derived from a sea urchin which could be potentially used as feeding attractants in the control of A. planci.
Adler, M., Kaul, A.and Jawad, A.S.M. 2002. Foreign body synovitis induced by a crown-of-thorns starfish, Rheumatology 41: 230-231.
Summary: Description of a patient wounded by A. planci and his subsequent treatment.
Babcock, R.C. and Mundy, C.N. 1992. Reproductive Biology, Spawning and Fiels Fertilization Rates of Acanthaster planci, Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 43: 525-534.
Summary: A study of A. planci spawning patterns and behaviour at Davies Reef in the Great Barrier Reef.
Babcock, R.C., Mundy, C.N. and Whitehead, D. 1994. Sperm diffusion models and in situ confirmation of long-distance fertilization in the free-spawning asteroid Acanthaster planci, Biological Bulletin (Woods Hole) 186 (1): 17-28.
Summary: Study on the diffusion of sperm during spawning of A. planci.
Baker, V.J. and Coleman, G.J. 2000. A guide to the reef monitoring database: Long-term monitoring of the Great Barrier Reef. Townsville: Australian Institute of Marine Science
Summary: An overview of how to use the reef monitoring database.
Benzie, J.A.H. 1999. Major genetic differences between crown-of-thorns starfish (Acanthaster planci) populations in the Indian and Pacific Oceans, Evolution 53 (6): 1782-1795.
Summary: This paper explores the genetic diversity between populations of A. planci from two different oceanic regions (the Pacific and the Indian Oceans) and contributes to growing evidence that widespread marine species can be highly structured and may speciate (form new species) rapidly.
Birk, S. 1979. Crown of thorns Management Plan May 1979.
Cameron, A.M., Endean, R. and De Vantier, L.M. 1991. Predation on massive corals: Are devastating population outbreaks of Acanthaster-planci novel events?, Marine Ecology Progress Series 75 (2-3): 251-258.
Summary: Interesting study on the changes in coral composition caused by A. planci on the Great Barrier Reef (Australia).
Chesher, R.H. 1969. Destruction of Pacific corals by the sea star Acanthaster planci, Science 165: 280-283.
Summary: Review of the damage caused in the 1960s by the crown of thorns starfish outbreaks.
Colgan, M.W. 1987. Coral Reef Recovery on Guam (Micronesia) After Catastrophic Predation by Acanthaster planci, Ecology 68 (6): 1592-1605.
Summary: A study reporting the quick recovery of coral reefs in Guam following predation by A. planci.
Crown of thorns starfish clean-up report: Light House Reef 7-03-2002. 2002.
Summary: Report on clean up operations on Light House Reef, Palau.
De Vantier, L.M. and Deacon, G. 1990. Distribution of Acanthaster planci at Lord Howe Island Solomon Islands South Pacific Ocean the southernmost Indo-Pacific reef, Coral Reefs 9 (3): 145-148.
Done, T.J., Dayton, P.K., Dayton, A.E., and Steger, R. 1991. Regional and local variability in recovery of shallow coral communities Moorea French Polynesia South Pacific Ocean and Central Great Barrier Reef Australia, Coral Reefs 9 (4): 183-192.
Summary: Study comparing the state of some coral reefs in Moorea (French Polynesia) and the Great Barrier Reef (Australia).
Fabricius, K.E. 1996. Ecosystem recovery after episodic disturbance: Resilience of some coral reefs after Acanthaster outbreaks, Senckenbergiana Maritima 27 (3-6): 227-235.
Summary: A study on the growth of macro-benthos, such as soft corals or macro-algae, following invasion damage by A. planci.
Fagoonee, I. 1990. Coastal marine ecosystems of Mauritius, Hydrobiologia 208: 55-62.
Summary: Review of the state of coastal ecosystems in Mauritius.
Faure, G. 1989. Degradation of coral reefs at Moorea Island French Polynesia by Acanthaster planci, Journal of Coastal Research 5 (2): 295-305.
Summary: Feeding preference of A. planci on the coral reefs of Moorea (French Polynesia).
Glynn, P.W. 1984. An amphinomid worm predator of the crown-of-thorns sea-star and general predation on asteroids in Eastern and Western Pacific coral reefs, Bulletin of Marine Science 35 (1): 54-71.
Summary: Details of a worm predator and its effect on A. planci levels in Panamanian coral reefs.
Glynn, P.W. 1993. Monsoonal upwelling and episodic Acanthaster predation as probable controls of coral reef distribution and community structure in Oman, Indian Ocean, Atoll Research Bulletin 0 (379): 1-66.
Summary: A. planci presence on coral reefs of Oman is reviewed.
Guzman, H.M. and Cortes, J. 1989. Coral reef community structure at Cano Island Pacific Costa Rica, Marine Ecology 10 (1): 23-42.
Summary: An overview of coral structure on reefs of Cano Island (Costa Rica) and predators present, including A. planci.
Guzman, H.M. and Cortes, J. 1992. Cocos Island (Pacific of Costa Rica) coral reefs after the 1982-1983 El Nino disturbance, Revista de Biologia Tropical 40 (3): 309-324.
Summary: Overview of the factors contributing to the degradation of the corals reefs of Cocos (Keeling) Islands.
Hart, A.M. and Klumpp, D.W. 1996. Response of herbivorous fishes to crown-of-thorns starfish Acanthaster planci outbreaks: I. Substratum analysis and feeding ecology of Acanthurus nigrofuscus and Scarus frenatus, Marine Ecology Progress Series 132 (1-3): 11-19.
Summary: A study conducted in the Great Barrier Reef to investigate whether the increased turf algal resource linked to A. planci is prompting responses in the feeding ecology of herbivorous fishes.
Hay, M.E., Parker, J.D., Burkepile, D.E., Caudill, C.C., Wilson, A.E., Hallinan, Z.P. and Chequer, A.D. 2004. Mutualisms and Aquatic Community Structure: The Enemy of My Enemy Is My Friend, Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst. 35: 175�97.
Summary: A look at the fascinating world of underwater mutualism, the dynamic relationship that plays an important role in constructing an ecosystem and community.
Hoegh-Guldberg, O. 1994. Uptake of dissolved organic matter by larval stage of the crown-of-thorns starfish Acanthaster planci, Marine Biology (Berlin) 120 (1): 55-63.
Summary: Study on feeding ecology of A. planci larvae.
ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System), 2007. Online Database Acanthaster planciSummary:
An online database that provides taxonomic information, common names, synonyms and geographical jurisdiction of a species. In addition links are provided to retrieve biological records and collection information from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Data Portal and bioscience articles from BioOne journals.
Available from: http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=157194 [Accessed 6 February 2007]
Johnson, L.G. and Cartwright, C.M. 1996. Thyroxine-accelerated larval development in the crown-of-thorns starfish, Acanthaster planci, Biological Bulletin (Woods Hole) 190 (3): 299-301.
Summary: Report on larval development of A. planci.
Keesing J.K. and Lucas J.S. 1992. Field measurement of feeding and movement rates of the crown-of-thorns starfish Acanthaster Planci, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology 156 (1): 89-104.
Summary: Study of feeding rates of A. planci on the Great Barrier Reef (Australia).
Keesing J.K., Bradbury, R.H., Devantier, L.M., Riddle, M.J. and; De ath, G. 1992. Geological evidence for recurring outbreaks of the crown-of-thorns starfish a reassessment from an ecological perspective, Coral Reefs 11 (2): 79-85.
Summary: This authors refute the hypothesis thatA. planci outbreaks are a reoccurring phenomenon on some reefs on the Great Barrier Reef.
Lane, D.J.W. 1996. A crown-of-thorns outbreak in the eastern Indonesian Archipelago, February 1996. Coral Reefs. 15: 209-210.
Summary: This paper reports an outbreak of A. planci in Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Lourey, M.J., Ryan, D.A.J. and Miller, I.R. 2000. Rates of decline and recovery of coral cover on reefs impacted by, recovering from and unaffected by crown-of-thorns starfish Acanthaster planci: A regional perspective of the Great Barrier Reef, Marine Ecology Progress Series 196: 179-186.
Summary: A study of coral recovery rates in the Great Barrier Reef.
McKenna, S.A. and G.R. Allen (eds.). 2005. A Rapid Marine Biodiversity Assessment of the Coral Reefs of Northwest Madagascar, Bulletin of the Rapid Assessment Program 31, Conservation International, Washington, DC.
Summary: A summary of the result of a coral reef survey in northwest Madagascar.
Nakamura, R. 1986. A morphometric study on Acanthaster planci populations in the Ryukyu Islands Japan, Galaxea 5 (2): 223-238.
Palau Conservation Society. 1999. Crown of thorns starfish control strategy draft.
PERSGA/GEF. 2003. Coral Reefs in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. Surveys 1990 to 2000 Summary and Recommendations. PERSGA Technical Series No. 7. PERSGA, Jeddah.
Summary: An overview of coral reefs in this Middle Eastern area.
Pinca, S., Beger, M., Jacobson, D and Keju, T. Undated. The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the Marshall Islands
Summary: Overview of the health status of coral reefs of the atolls and islets of the Marshall Islands.
Pratchett, M.S. 2001. Influence of coral symbionts on feeding preferences of crown-of-thorns starfish Acanthaster planci in the western Pacific, Source Marine Ecology Progress Series 214: 111-119.
Summary: The effect of mutualistic crustacean on the feeding preference of A. planci.
Quinn, N.J. and Kojis, B.L. 2003. The dynamics of coral reef community structure and recruitment patterns around Rota, Saipan, and Tinian, western Pacific, Bulletin of Marine Science 72 (3): 979-996.
Summary: Comments on the types of coral communities now present in reefs around Rota, Saipan and Tinian.
Salvat, B., Hutchings, P., Aubanel, A., Tatarata, M. and Dauphin, C. Undated. The status of the coral reefs and marine resources of French Polynesia
Summary: An overview of the coral and marine resources in French Polynesia with a brief summary of the outbreaks of A. planci.
Seymour, R. M. 1989. Is Acanthaster planci a near-optimal predator?, Ecological Modelling 46 (3-4): 239-260.
Summary: Discusses the link between population outbreaks of A. planci with large-scale environmental disturbances such as cyclones
Tsuda, R.T. 1971. Status of Acanthaster planci and coral reefs in the Mariana and Caroline Islands June 1970 to May 1971. University of Guam.
Summary: Summary of surveys of Acanthaster in the Mariana and Caroline Islands.
Tsuda, R.T., Jones, R.S., Randall, R.H. and Struck, M.R. 1970. Acanthaster planci crown of thorns starfish: Resurvey of Saipan and Tinian: Survey of Aguijan. University of Guam.
Summary: Results of surveys for Acanthaster and the state of coral communities of Saipan, Tinian and Aguijan Islands.
Vicente, N. 1999. Natural treasures under heavy pressure Oceanorama 30: 7-12.
Summary: A look at the pressures affecting natural coral ecosystems in the Red Sea.
WWF. 2003. Fiji Islands marine ecoregion: An overview of outstanding biodiversity, threats, opportunities and key stakeholders for conservation.
Summary: A look at the natural and diverse marine environments, species and processes of Fiji, with a focus on their economic and social importance to the Fijian people.